From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Absinthe : An anise-flavored liquor or spirit that is made by steeping wormwood and other aromatic herbs (e.g., hyssop, lemon balm, and angelica) in alcohol.
- Acetaldehyde : The second smallest aldehyde, second only to formaldehyde.
- Agriculture : The process of producing food, feed, fiber and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals.
- Alcohol (drug) : Depressant drug which produces intoxication and euphoria.
- Alcohol withdrawal : A group of syndromes that may occur after cessation of drinking ethanol alcohol.
- Alcoholism : Chronic addiction to alcohol.
- Alcohol : A chemical compound that contains a hydroxy group (OH).
- Antibacterial : Substance that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or reproduction.
- Antoine equation : A mathematical expression (derived from the Clausius-Clapeyron equation) of the relation between the vapor pressure and the temperature of pure substances.
- Asperger's syndrome : A pervasive developmental condition related to autism.
- Ataxia : Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements.
- Bach flower therapy : A form of complementary medicine that uses remedies based on extracts from flowers, to improve what it terms vibrations, a class of biofields in the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine taxonomy
- Bacteria : A major group of single-celled microorganisms.
- Chemical name : A system of naming chemical compounds and of describing the science of chemistry in general, which is developed and kept up to date under the auspices of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
- Combustion : A sequence of exothermic chemical reactions between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat or both heat and light in the form of either a glow or flames.
- Digital object identifier : Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals.
- Drugs banned from the Olympics : Substances prohibited for use by athletes prior to, and during competing in the Olympics.
- Ester : The molecule R1AOOR2 where A is an atom and R1 and R2 are molecular groups.
- Fermentation (biochemistry) : The process of deriving energy from the oxidation of organic compounds, such as carbohydrates, using an endogenous electron acceptor, which is usually an organic compound.
- Fermentation (food) : The conversion of nutrients to desired products, such as ethanol, acetic acid or acetone, using yeast, bacteria, or a combination thereof
- Gasoline : A fuel for spark-ignited internal combustion engines derived from petroleum crude oil.
- Glycolysis : A biochemical pathway by which a molecule of glucose is oxidized to two molecules of pyruvate.
- Heat of combustion : The energy released as heat when a substance undergoes complete combustion with oxygen.
- Henry Ford : Founder of the Ford Motor Company.
- Homeopathy : System of alternative medicine involving administration of highly diluted substances with the intention to stimulate the body's natural healing processes, not considered proven by mainstream science.
- IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry : A systematic way of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
- List of organic compounds : Add brief definition or description
- Microbial metabolism : The means by which a microbe obtains the energy and nutrients (e.g. carbon) it needs to live and propagate.
- Microorganism : A 'germ', an organism that is too small to be seen individually with the naked eye.
- Molecular mass : The mass of a molecule expressed in unified atomic mass units.
- Molecule : An aggregate of two or more atoms in a definite arrangement held together by chemical bonds.
- Organic chemistry : The scientific study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation (by synthesis or by other means) of chemical compounds of carbon and hydrogen, which may contain any number of other elements.
- Oxytocin : A mammalian hormone that is secreted into the bloodstream from the posterior pituitary gland, and which is also released into the brain where it has effects on social behaviors.
- Petrochemicals : Chemical products made from the hydrocarbons present in raw natural gas and petroleum crude oil.
- Phytotherapy : The therapeutic use of plants or plant extracts to prevent or treat disease; it is most commonly a form of complementary and alternative medicine, following long culturally-specific traditions such as herbalism. Chemically extracted and concentration-controlled plant-derived substances are used in conventional medicine, but are usually not considered phytotherapy.
- Proteus vulgaris : Rod-shaped, Gram negative bacterium that inhabits the intestinal tracts of humans and animals, and known to cause urinary tract infections and wound infections.
- Rocket motor : A means of generating thrust, for propulsion or for adjusting a position, based on the hot gases expelled by a mixture of chemicals that does not need an external oxygen source
- Toxicology : Study of the nature, effects, and detection of poisons and the treatment of poisoning.
- Vasopressin : A hormone also called (arginine vasopressin, (AVP); formerly known as antidiuretic hormone, ADH), produced in the hypothalamus secreted from the posterior pituitary that causes kidneys to concentrate urine to conserve water, also causes vasoconstriction.
- Vinegar : A dilute form of acetic acid used in the kitchen and elsewhere.