Scotland/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Scotland.
See also changes related to Scotland, or pages that link to Scotland or to this page or whose text contains "Scotland".

Parent topics


Major cities

  • Edinburgh [r]: The capital of Scotland. [e]
  • Glasgow [r]: The largest city in Scotland, located on the River Clyde and a great shipbuilding centre during the Industrial Revolution; population about 581,000. [e]
  • Aberdeen [r]: A city (2011 pop. 222,793) and commercial port located on the North Sea in north-east Scotland. [e]
  • Dundee [r]: A seaport (est. 1995 pop. 168,000) situated on the Firth of Tay, an inlet of the North Sea, in Scotland. [e]
  • Inverness [r]: A educational and tourist center (est 1991 pop 63,000) located at the north end of the Great Glen on the River Ness in northwest Scotland; for a long time, the center of the Scots Highland region. [e]
  • Stirling [r]: A city (1991 pop. 28,000) located on the River Forth in south-central Scotland; one of the important historical cities of Scotland. [e]

Geological features

  • Highlands and Islands [r]: That part of present-day Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, including the offshore islands. [e]
  • Southern uplands (Scotland) [r]: That part of present-day Scotland south and east of the Southern Boundary Fault. [e]
  • Central lowlands (Scotland) [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Midland valley (Scotland) [r]: That area of Scotland which lies between the geologic features of the Highland Boundary Fault and the Southern Upland Fault. [e]
  • Grampian Mountains [r]: A mountain range in the Highlands of north-central Scotland whose southern edge forms the boundary between the Highlands and the Scottish lowlands. [e]
  • Cheviot Hills [r]: A range of hills spread along the border between Scotland and England. [e]
  • Great Glen [r]: A large fault valley in Scotland extending from Moray Firth to Inverness and containing a series of lochs within its extent, including Loch Ness. [e]
  • River Clyde [r]: One of Scotland's most important rivers, flowing from the Southern Uplands into the Atlantic; Glasgow is located along its course. [e]
  • River Forth [r]: A river in south central Scotland, flowing into the Firth of Forth and then the North Sea; Edinburgh is located along its course. [e]



  • Scottish English [r]: All varieties of English spoken in Scotland; may not include Scots where this is identified as a language in its own right. [e]
  • Scots language [r]: A West Germanic variety spoken in southern Scotland and parts of Northern Ireland, which has been identified as either a separate language from English or (over-simplistically) a dialect of English, according to various cultural and linguistic perspectives; shares much with English due to a shared linguistic history, but has developed separately for many centuries. [e]
  • Scottish Gaelic language [r]: A Goidelic Celtic language spoken in Scotland and Canada. [e]

Politics, government and leaders

  • Scottish Parliament [r]: Legislative body of Scotland, having authority over many aspects of Scottish political life including Health and Education; re-created by the Act of Devolution 1997. [e]
  • William Wallace [r]: Scottish national hero (c 1270-1305), a leader in the fight for Scottish independence against Edward I. [e]
  • Robert Bruce [r]: Scottish independence fighter (1274-1329); re-established Scottish kingdom by defeating Edward II at Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. [e]

Tartan and shortbread

  • Highland games [r]: Festivals held throughout the year and in many countries of the world whose purpose is to celebrate the culture and heritage of Scotland and especially the Scottish Highlands. [e]
  • Kilt [r]: A knee-length, skirtlike, traditional Scottish garment, usually worn by men as part of Highland attire. [e]
  • Great Highland Bagpipe [r]: The Scottish Highlands version of a double reed woodwind instrument whose sound is produced by the manipulation of a bag which holds an air reservoir. [e]
  • Tartan [r]: A woolen fabric which, in conjunction with the distinctive plaid pattern, is often associated with a particular Scottish clan, and is the working material out of which the traditional Scottish kilt is made. [e]
  • Shortbread [r]: A type of cookie made with butter, sugar, and flour. [e]



Other related topics

  • English language [r]: A West Germanic language widely spoken in the United Kingdom, its territories and dependencies, Commonwealth countries and former colonial outposts of the British Empire; has developed the status of a global language. [e]
  • England [r]: The largest and southernmost country in the United Kingdom, and location of the largest city and seat of government, London; population about 51,000,000. [e]
  • Wales [r]: A country of the United Kingdom that historically was considered a principality; population about 3,000,000. [e]
  • Northern Ireland [r]: Part of the United Kingdom comprising six of the nine counties of the Irish province of Ulster; population about 1,800,000. [e]
  • Canada [r]: The world's second-largest country by total area, occupying most of northern North America; officially a bilingual nation, in English and French (population approx. 27 million). [e]
  • Picts [r]: Ancient, aboriginal inhabitants of what is now eastern and north-eastern Scotland. [e]
  • Golf [r]: Game in which the players attempt, using special clubs, to sink a small, dimpled ball into each of 18 successive holes in the fewest number of strokes. [e]
  • Curling [r]: A game, invented in Scotland, which involves two teams of four players who slide a heavy stone towards a target at the opposite end of a long, narrow sheet of ice. [e]
  • Loch Ness Monster [r]: An aquatic creature, whose existence is disputed, alleged to inhabit the depths of Loch Ness in Scotland. [e]
  • Celts [r]: Early Indo-European people, characterized by a roughly common cultural milieu, who inhabited much of Europe in the millennia bce. [e]