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- 21st United States Congress : U.S. Congress seated March 4, 1829 to March 3, 1831, the first two years of President Andrew Jackson's first term.
- 22nd United States Congress : U.S. Congress seated March 4, 1831 to March 3, 1833, the last two years of President Andrew Jackson's first term.
- 23rd United States Congress : U.S. Congress seated March 4, 1833 to March 3, 1835, the first two years of President Andrew Jackson's second term.
- 24th United States Congress : That session of the U.S. Congress that convened on March 4, 1835, adjourned on March 3, 1837, and was the legislature for the two years of the second administration of U.S. President Andrew Jackson
- 25th United States Congress : U.S. Congress seated March 4, 1837 to March 3, 1839, the first two years of President Martin Van Buren's term.
- 26th United States Congress : U.S. Congress seated March 4, 1839 to March 3, 1841, the last two years of President Martin Van Buren's term.
- 27th United States Congress : U.S. Congress seated March 4, 1841 to March 3, 1843, during President William Henry Harrison's term and the first 2 years of John Tyler's term.
- 29th United States Congress : U.S. Congress seated March 4, 1845 to March 3, 1847, the first two years of President James_K._Polk's term.
- 30th United States Congress : U.S. Congress seated March 4, 1847 to March 3, 1849, the last two years of President James K. Polk's term.
- 31st United States Congress : U.S. Congress seated March 4, 1849 to March 3, 1851, during President Zachary Taylor's term and the first months of Millard Fillmore's term.
- Adams-Onís Treaty : A 1819 treaty between Spain and the United States which ceded the Spanish territory of Florida to the US and settled the boundary between the United States and the Spanish territory of Mexico.
- American Civil War : Major war 1861-65 fought over slavery in which the U.S. defeated the secessionist Confederate States of America.
- American Revolution : The political and military action of the American colonists who overthrew British control between 1763-1789.
- Battle of New Orleans : A battle in 1815 in which General Andrew Jackson defeated an invading British army at the end of the War of 1812.
- Daniel Webster : (1782-1852) Leading American politician of the antebellum Whig Party, famous for his oratory, his legal and diplomatic skills, and his efforts to prevent the Civil War in the name of American nationalism.
- Democratic-Republican Party : A United States political party during the First Party System, 1792-1820s, founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.
- Federalist Party : An American political party during the First Party System, in the period 1791 to 1816, with remnants lasting into the 1820s.
- Henry Clay : (1777-1852) American Whig Party leader, 3-time failed presidential candidate, and broker of North/South compromises that held the Union together.
- Jacksonian Democracy : The political philosophy of the Second Party System in the United States in the 1820s to 1840s, especially the positions of President Andrew Jackson and his followers in the new Democratic Party.
- James K. Polk : (1795–1849) Eleventh President of the U.S.A.
- James Madison : (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), An American politician, political theorist, Secretary of State, fourth President of the United States of America (1809–1817) and one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States.
- James Monroe : (1758-1831) The fifth president of the United States (1817-1825), best known for sponsoring the Monroe Doctrine, and for presiding over a lessening of partisan tensions known as the "Era of Good Feelings."
- John Quincy Adams : (1767-1848) was the sixth president of the United States (1825-1829), and the son of President John Adams (1797-1801).
- John Tyler : (March 29, 1790 – January 18, 1862) A United States politician and the tenth President of the United States (1841-1845).
- Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions : Add brief definition or description
- Martin Van Buren : (1782-1862) An American politician and President of the United States (1837-1841).
- Republicanism : The political ideology of a nation as a republic, with an emphasis on liberty, rule by the people, and the civic virtue practiced by citizens.
- Richard Hofstadter : (1916–1970) Pulitzer Prize-winning American historian at Columbia University.
- Roots of American conservatism : Those formative events that led to the modern American conservative movement
- Russell Kirk : (1918–1994) American conservative political theorist; wrote The Conservative Mind (1953), helping to spark a conservative revival.
- Second Party System : Term used by historians and political scientists referring to the United States' political system from about 1828 to 1854.
- Slavery, U.S. : The history of black slavery in the United States.
- South Carolina, History : One of the original states of the United States.
- Stephen A. Douglas : (April 23, 1813 – June 3, 1861) American politician from the western state of Illinois, who was the Democratic Party nominee for President in 1860, losing to Republican Party candidate Abraham Lincoln.
- Tariff of 1828 : Also known as the Tariff of Abominations, this tariff raised duties on hundreds of items and led to the South Carolina Exposition and Protest and the Nullification Crisis.
- Tariff, U.S. history : Add brief definition or description
- U.S. Civil War, Origins : The U.S. Civil War emerged from the expansion of slavery in the U.S. and its implication in all aspects of U.S. society, economy, and politics.
- U.S. Department of State : Agency of the executive branch of the U.S. government responsible for foreign policy and the conduct of American diplomacy.
- U.S. History : The history of the United States from the colonial era to the present.
- U.S. foreign policy : The foreign relations and diplomacy of the United States since 1775.
- Vice President of the United States of America : An official, elected by the Electoral College, who is first in line to succeed to the presidency or acting presidency in case of a vacancy in the presidency, and who is, ex officio, president of the U.S. Senate.
- War Department, U.S. : One of the three original cabinet departments of the U.S.A., created by the Congress in 1789.
- War of 1812, Causes : This War was caused by British strategic needs of the Napoleonic Wars, primarily its need for sailors to fight Napoleon, and its plan to restrict foreign trade entering France
- War of 1812 : A sideshow, 1812-1815, of the Napoleonic Wars, between the United States and Great Britain; Britain ignored American demands to end the impressment (seizure) of American sailors, interference with American maritime rights, and support for hostile Indians in the American West; the war was essentially a draw