- See also changes related to Pediatrics, or pages that link to Pediatrics or to this page or whose text .
- Infant growth and development : Normal growth and development of infants measured within a set of height, weight, head circumference and other physical parameters, comparative to age.
- Child development : The ensemble of processes that transform an infant into an adolescent.
- Failure to thrive : Add brief definition or description
- Chickenpox : Add brief definition or description
- Cholera : A life-threatening gastrointestinal infections disease caused by Vibrio cholerae, with a high mortality rate from dehydration unless treated, usually with oral rehydration therapy
- Diptheria : Add brief definition or description
- Malaria : A tropical infectious disease, caused by protozoa carried by mosquitoes, which is the world's worst insect vector-borne disease
- Measles : Highly contagious infection of the respiratory system, and maculopapular skin rash, caused by a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus.
- Mumps : Add brief definition or description
Movement and extremities
- Osgood-Schlatter disease : An overuse injury causing knee pain and limp in adolescents; caused by inflammation of the tendon below the kneecap (patellar tendon) where it attaches to the shinbone (tibia); while most commonly an athletic injury, can be confused with injury from child abuse
- Anencephaly : a malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close
- Premature infants : Babies born before a full-term gestation of 37 weeks.
- Infant mortality : A concept in demography that estimates the "rate of deaths occurring in the first year of life".
- Child abuse : The act of intentionally harming a child, or the results of that act.
- Futile care : Medical procedure or treatment that cannot achieve its stated goals or produce its expected benefits, regardless of repetition and duration of treatment.
- Infanticide : Intentionally causing the death of an infant
- Infant colic : A medical term for persistent and inconsolable crying by healthy infants, who are usually between the ages of two and sixteen weeks.
- Cystic fibrosis : Add brief definition or description
- Hyaline membrane disease : Add brief definition or description