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Anthropology/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Anthropology.
See also changes related to Anthropology, or pages that link to Anthropology or to this page or whose text contains "Anthropology".

Parent topics

  • Applied social sciences [r]: Applied social sciences are those social science disciplines, professions and occupations which seek to use basic social science research and theory to improve the daily life of communities, organizations and persons. [e]
  • Biology [r]: The science of life — of complex, self-organizing, information-processing systems living in the past, present or future. [e]


Major anthropological fields

  • Cultural anthropology [r]: Add brief definition or description
    • Culture area [r]: A region, in anthropology, in which the environment and cultures are very similar. [e]
    • Ethnography [r]: The scientific collection of data regarding culture and society, generally entailing direct engagement with the culture or society under study. [e]
    • Ethnology [r]: The theoretical study of human cultures and societies. [e]
      • Ethnic group [r]: A population whose members identify with one another as distinct from others. This usually occurs through a perceived common history, and often also includes shared culture, race, religion, or language. [e]
      • Cult [r]: Religious sect or group that is relatively limited in size and often considered to be particularly dangerous, manipulative or all-encompassing. [e]
        • Cargo cult [r]: A group of social movements that began in Melanesia in the late nineteenth century which believe that manufactured goods, including canned goods, airplanes, and automobiles, were created by spirits or ancestors of Melanesian people. [e]
      • Folklore [r]: The body of myths, legends, and traditional beliefs of a people or the study of those beliefs. [e]
      • Mythology [r]: The study of myths and sagas. [e]
        • Tecum Umam [r]: Legendary defender of the Maya and national hero of Guatemala. [e]
      • Ritual [r]: Set of actions, performed mainly for their symbolic value, which is prescribed by a convention or by the traditions of a community. [e]
  • Linguistic anthropology [r]: The branch of anthropology that brings linguistic methods to bear on anthropological problems, linking the analysis of semiotic and particularly linguistic forms and processes to the interpretation of sociocultural processes. [e]
    • Language (general) [r]: A type of communication system, commonly used in linguistics, computer science and other fields to refer to different systems, including 'natural language' in humans, programming languages run on computers, and so on. A wider definition of language - what counts as a language and what doesn't - is a difficult philosophical topic, deserving an article in its own right. [e]
  • Physical anthropology [r]: The anthropological study of humans as a biological species. [e]
    • Paleoanthropology [r]: The branch of physical anthropology that focuses on the study of human evolution, tracing the anatomic, behavioral and genetic linkages of our ancient, usually bipedal, ancestors. [e]
      • Human evolution [r]: The study of the physical and behavioral genetic adaptations of the species belonging to the subfamily hominidae. [e]
        • Evolution of the human diet [r]: Factors in the development of the human diet in history. [e]
        • Fossil hominin species [r]: Twenty recognized species of extinct hominin, found as prehistoric skeletal remains which are archeologically earlier than Neolithic. [e]
        • Hominin [r]: Primates in the Tribe Hominini which is a relatively recent classification under which it is proposed would fall all of the fossil and living bipedal apes including the Australopithecines, fossil members of the genus Homo and living humans. It is generally replacing the term hominid in the scientific literature. [e]
        • Kennewick Man [r]: An Early Holocene human skeleton first discovered near Kennewick, Washington in 1996. [e]
      • Paleoanthropology in South Africa [r]: Add brief definition or description
    • Human biology [r]: Interdisciplinary academic field of biology, biological anthropology, nutrition and medicine which focuses on humans. [e]
  • Social anthropology [r]: Add brief definition or description
    • Human geography [r]: The branch of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes that shape human interaction with the environment. [e]

Interdisciplinary anthropology

  • Anthropological linguistics [r]: The study of language through human genetics and human development. [e]
    • Creolistics [r]: The study of creole and pidgin languages. [e]
      • Creole (language) [r]: Native language, such as Haitian Creole, which under most definitions originated as a pidgin (a rudimentary language without native speakers, created by at least two groups of speakers as a contact language. i.e. to allow immediate communication) but became as complex as any other language through being acquired by children as a first language. [e]
      • Pidgin [r]: Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Pidgin (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
  • Ethnobotany [r]: The science that studies how plants are used in various cultures. [e]
  • Ethnomathematics [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Indigenous knowledge system [r]: Set of knowledge, skills and technologies existing and developed around specific conditions of indigenous populations and communities. [e]
  • Integrative medicine [r]: Organized health care that involves willing cooperation between mainstream and complementary medicine [e]
  • Intercultural competence [r]: The ability to successfully communicate with people of other cultures. [e]

Prominent figures in anthropology

A list of "must read" anthropologists taken from an Open Anthropology Cooperative discussion about the main figures of the history of anthropology

19th Century

20th Century

Other related topics

  • African American literature [r]: The body of literature produced in the USA by writers of African descent. [e]
  • African philosophy [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Anatomy [r]: The branch of morphology given to the study of the structure of members of the biological kingdom Animalia (animals). [e]
  • Dravidistan [r]: A proposed sovereign state for all non-Brahmin speakers of Dravidian languages in South Asia. [e]
  • Ecological footprint [r]: The sum of all resource-using or waste-producing activities of a biological unit, if converted to units of biologically productive land. [e]
  • Editing [r]: Arranging, revising, and preparing a written, audio, or video material for final production usually by a party other than the creator of the material. [e]
  • El Señor Presidente [r]: (The President) Novel by Guatemalan author Miguel Ángel Asturias, written before 1933, published 1946. [e]
  • Homosexuality [r]: Sexual or romantic attraction to people of the same gender. [e]
  • Poststructuralism [r]: A set of theories and ideas that describe how human beings relate through language and meaning to the world and themselves. [e]
  • Race (biology) [r]: Inbreeding group marked by a pre-determined profile of latent factors of hereditary traits. [e]
  • Sathya Sai Baba Movement [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Sathya Sai Baba [r]: Controversial South Indian guru, religious leader, and orator, often described as a "godman" and miracle worker. [e]
  • Social Darwinism [r]: Efforts to draw political conclusions from the theory of evolution by natural selection. [e]
  • Socialization [r]: Process by which individuals learn skills, attitudes, values, and patterns of behaviour that enable them to function within a particular culture. [e]
  • Sri Aurobindo [r]: (1872–1950) Influential Indian philosopher, yogin and nationalist, developer of Integral consciousness theory and the Integral movement. [e]
  • Sympathetic magic [r]: The cultural concept that a symbol, or small aspect, of a more powerful entity can, as desired by the user, invoke or compel that entity [e]
  • The Hero With A Thousand Faces [r]: Written by Joseph Campbell and first published in 1941, this study traces the story of the hero's journey and transformation through virtually all the mythologies of the world, revealing the one archetype hero in them all. [e]
  • Theories of religion [r]: Set of theories which examine the origins of religion, classified into substantive (focusing on what it is) theories and functional or reductionist (focusing on what religions does) theories. [e]
  • Traditional medicine [r]: Methods of healthcare, not formulated based on scientific models or necessarily having demonstrated efficacy in randomized controlled trials, which still have a long history of safety and presumed efficacy as used in specific cultures [e]
  • Applied linguistics [r]: The application of linguistic theories to practical issues and problems, such as language learning. [e]
  • Astronomy [r]: The study of objects and processes in the observable universe, e.g. stars, planets, comets or asteroids. [e]
  • Botany [r]: The study of plants, algae and fungi (mycology). [e]
  • Cognitive science [r]: The scientific study either of mind or intelligence and includes parts of cognitive psychology, linguistics and computer science. [e]
  • Evolutionary linguistics [r]: Branch of linguistics that concerns itself with how the human faculty of language evolved; multidisciplinary field involving neurolinguistics, cognitive science, anthropology and others. [e]
  • Evolutionary psychology [r]: The comparative study of the nervous system and its relation to behaviour across species. [e]
  • Geography [r]: Study of the surface of the Earth and the activities of humanity upon it. [e]
  • Science [r]: The organized body of knowledge based on non–trivial refutable concepts that can be verified or rejected on the base of observation and experimentation [e]
  • Sociolinguistics [r]: Branch of linguistics concerned with language in social contexts - how people use language, how it varies, how it contributes to users' sense of identity, etc. [e]
  • Sociology [r]: Social science that studies human social behavior or social relations, social institutions and structures, demography, public opinion, social welfare, social psychology and some forms of political behavior, as well as the history of sociology. [e]