World Health Organization/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about World Health Organization.
See also changes related to World Health Organization, or pages that link to World Health Organization or to this page or whose text contains "World Health Organization".

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  • ADMS atmospheric dispersion modeling system [r]: An advanced air pollution dispersion model developed in the United Kingdom. [e]
  • Acupuncture [r]: A form of alternative medicine that involves inserting and manipulating needles into 'acupuncture points' on the body with the aim of restoring health and well-being. [e]
  • Air pollution [r]: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (air pollutants) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. [e]
  • Antibiotic [r]: Drugs that reduce the growth or reproduction of bacteria. [e]
  • Antineoplastic agent [r]: Drug that prevents the development, maturation, or spread of neoplastic cells. [e]
  • Ashanti (film) [r]: aka Ashanti, Land of No Mercy, is a 1979 adventure movie on modern slavery filmed in North Africa, directed by Richard Fleischer, and starring Michael Caine and William Holden. [e]
  • Bone density [r]: A measurement that approximates the quantity of mineral per square centimeter of bone [e]
  • Breast cancer [r]: Cancer of the glandular breast tissue. [e]
  • Centers for Disease Control [r]: A major center of epidemiologic research and clinical support in epidemics, considered a world resource although part of the United States Public Health Service, located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA [e]
  • Cephalosporin [r]: Class of antibiotic compounds sharing a common -lactam structure, 7-aminocephalosporanic acid. [e]
  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Cholera [r]: A life-threatening gastrointestinal infections disease caused by Vibrio cholerae, with a high mortality rate from dehydration unless treated, usually with oral rehydration therapy [e]
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [r]: A group of diseases characterized by the pathological limitation of airflow in the airway that is not fully reversible. [e]
  • Circumcision [r]: In male humans, removal, by cutting, of the foreskin (prepuce) from the penis; may be for cultural, medical, or religious reasons, or as a rite of passage [e]
  • Contraception (medical methods) [r]: Medications and medical devices used to prevent pregnancy in sexually active couples. [e]
  • Death [r]: State of thermodynamic equilibrium achieved after the end of life. [e]
  • Demography [r]: The study of the change in the size, density, distribution and composition of human populations over time. [e]
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2 [r]: Medical condition characterised by glucose intolerance and hyperglycemia [e]
  • Diabetes mellitus [r]: Relative or absolute lack of insulin leading to uncontrolled carbohydrate metabolism. [e]
  • Drug toxicity [r]: Manifestations of the adverse effects of drugs administered therapeutically or in the course of diagnostic techniques. [e]
  • Food and Agriculture Organization [r]: A policy, technical, and operational agency, under the auspices of the United Nations, which deals with agriculture, fisheries and forestry, as well as humanitarian relief of hunger [e]
  • HIV test [r]: Tests used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus in serum, saliva, or urine, to detect HIV antibodies, antigens, or RNA. [e]
  • Homeopathy [r]: System of alternative medicine involving administration of highly diluted substances with the intention to stimulate the body's natural healing processes, not considered proven by mainstream science. [e]
  • Impaired glucose tolerance [r]: Pre-diabetic state of dysglycemia, that is associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular pathology. [e]
  • Indigenous knowledge [r]: Local-level accumulated knowledge that does not originate in academic or corporate research institutions, inherited in situ through tradition and culture. [e]
  • Influenza [r]: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract; the viruses are discussed in separate articles [e]
  • Informed consent [r]: Agreement, by the person affected or his surrogate, to make a knowledgeable decision consenting to participation in a medical treatment or research trial [e]
  • International Normalized Ratio [r]: Comparative rating of a patient's prothrombin time (PT) ratio, used as a standard for monitoring the effects of warfarin. [e]
  • Kerala [r]: A State of south-western India. [e]
  • Malaria [r]: A tropical infectious disease, caused by protozoa carried by mosquitoes, which is the world's worst insect vector-borne disease [e]
  • Mass screening [r]: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease. [e]
  • Monoclonal antibody [r]: Highly specific antibodies produced in large quantity by the clones of a single hybrid cell formed in the laboratory by the fusion of a B cell with a tumor cell. [e]
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis [r]: A non-motile, rod shaped bacterium, and the primary cause of the disease tuberculosis. [e]
  • Naranjo algorithm [r]: A questionnaire designed by Naranjo et al for determining the likelihood of whether an ADR (adverse drug reaction) is actually due to the medication rather than the result of other factors. [e]
  • National Ambient Air Quality Standards [r]: Concentration limits set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency for outdoor ambient air pollutants considered harmful to public health and the environment. [e]
  • Norwegian Institute for Air Research [r]: A private Norwegian research institute that is one of the leading specialized scientific institutes in Europe dealing solely with problems related to air pollution. [e]
  • Osteoporosis [r]: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. [e]
  • Photon absorptiometry [r]: A scanning technique using photons of a single energy to measure the density of a material and especially bone. [e]
  • Phytotherapy [r]: The therapeutic use of plants or plant extracts to prevent or treat disease; it is most commonly a form of complementary and alternative medicine, following long culturally-specific traditions such as herbalism. Chemically extracted and concentration-controlled plant-derived substances are used in conventional medicine, but are usually not considered phytotherapy. [e]
  • Pollutant [r]: Any substance introduced into the environment that adversely affects the usefulness of a natural resource or the health of humans, animals, or ecosystems. [e]
  • Preventive medicine [r]: A medical specialty concerned with recognizing and reducing health hazards to populations and individuals, with specialties that include the emergency recognition of infectious or environmental hazards, and the treatment of adverse effects of high (undersea) and low (aerospace) medicine, social behavior (e.g., drug abuse) and poisoning [e]
  • Randomized controlled trial [r]: Method used to ensure objectivity when testing medical treatments. [e]
  • Traditional medicine [r]: Methods of healthcare, not formulated based on scientific models or necessarily having demonstrated efficacy in randomized controlled trials, which still have a long history of safety and presumed efficacy as used in specific cultures [e]
  • Trypanosoma brucei [r]: Parasitic obligate protist species, with three subspecies, that causes African trypanosomiasis (or sleeping sickness) in humans and nagana in animals in Africa. [e]
  • Tuberculosis [r]: Infectious disease of humans and animals caused by the tubercle bacillus and characterized by the formation of tubercles on the lungs and other tissues of the body. [e]
  • U.S. intelligence and global health [r]: Analysis by the United States intelligence community, in conjunction with more general health organizations, relating to issues of human survival from health-related issues [e]
  • Uganda [r]: Landlocked republic in East Africa, located on the equator, bordering the northern and western shores of Lake Victoria. [e]
  • United Nations [r]: An international organization that was founded in 1945 with the mission of preventing international war, protecting human rights, supporting social progress and justice, and helping with economic progress. [e]
  • Vietnamization [r]: A policy, formalized by name in the Nixon Administration but reflecting earlier U.S. thinking, of making the Army of the Republic of Viet Nam primarily responsible for conventional ground combat, in South Vietnam, during the Vietnam War [e]
  • Virology [r]: The study of viruses, sometimes included in the field of microbiology. [e]
  • Virus (biology) [r]: A microscopic particle that can infect the cells of a biological organism and can reproduce only with the assistance of the cells it infects. [e]
  • World Medical Association [r]: (WMA), founded on 17 September 1947, is an international organization representing physicians, through their national medical organization. [e]