From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Amino acid : Biochemical with an amino group, a carboxyl group, a hydrogen atom, and a side chain bonded to a central carbon.
- Ataxia : Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements.
- Bovine spongiform encepalopathy : Popularly called "mad cow disease", an incurable neurological disease of cattle and other animals, transmissible to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant Creuzfeldt-Jakob syndrome.
- Brain : The core unit of a central nervous system.
- Centers for Disease Control : A major center of epidemiologic research and clinical support in epidemics, considered a world resource although part of the United States Public Health Service, located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA
- Digital object identifier : Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals.
- Eukaryota : is a domain formed by all living beings, from unicellular to very complex individuals with many different types of cells carrying particular functions, that are always constituted by cells where there is a nucleus, with various organelles, enclosed by a membrane that separates its content from the surrounding cytoplasm.
- Fungus : A eukaryotic organism, classified into the kingdom Fungi, that is heterotrophic and digest their food externally, and may be a yeast, mold, or mushroom.
- Gene : The functional unit of heredity.
- Infectious Diseases (human) : Clinically evident disease resulting from the presence of pathogenic microbial agents, including pathogenic viruses, pathogenic bacteria, fungi, protozoa, multicellular parasites, and aberrant proteins known as prions.
- Mammal : A warm-blooded animal with a backbone which also has hair, and produces milk to feed its young.
- Mutation : Changes to the DNA sequence that cause new genetic variation.
- Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine : Award conferred once a year by the Swedish Karolinska Institute, for physiology or medicine, since 1901.
- U.S. intelligence analysis of patterns of infectious diseases and impacts : The United States intelligence community model for the spread and world impact of infectious disease
- Ultraviolet : The part of the electromagnetic spectrum between the visible light and X-ray regions
- Virology : The study of viruses, sometimes included in the field of microbiology.
- Virus (biology) : A microscopic particle that can infect the cells of a biological organism and can reproduce only with the assistance of the cells it infects.