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In the 1960s claims were made that scientific studies had confirmed an hither-to unknown phase of water, called polywater.[1][2][3][4] Poly water was said to be a kind or ordered liquid water, formed in very thin quartz capillary tubes. Poly water was said to have a much lower freezing point than regular water, a much higher boiling point, and to be extremely viscous.

Research grants requests were written.[1] Studies were conducted. In the end it turned out that the anomalous properties were due to impurities in the tubes -- not due to the discovery of a new form of liquid water.

Like N-Rays, polywater is cited as a warning against scientific hubris.[1][4][5]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Phil Attard. What is polywater?, University of Sydney. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.
  2. William J. McKinney (1991). Discussion: Polywater and Experimental Realism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.
  3. J. Van Brakel. Discussion: Polywater and Experimental Realism, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 1994, pp. 775-784. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.
  4. 4.0 4.1 POLYWATER AND THE ROLE OF SKEPTICISM, 1995. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.
  5. Henry H. Bauer. ‘Pathological Science’ is not Scientific Misconduct (nor is it pathological), International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry, 2002, pp. 5-20. Retrieved on 2008-06-25.