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Pain/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Pain.
See also changes related to Pain, or pages that link to Pain or to this page or whose text contains "Pain".

Parent topics

Subtopics

Mechanisms of pain

CZ Phase 1 subtopics

{{r|Referred pain

Pharmacologic treatment

Nonpharmacologic treatment

  • Acupuncture [r]: A form of alternative medicine that involves inserting and manipulating needles into 'acupuncture points' on the body with the aim of restoring health and well-being. [e]
  • Chiropractic [r]: A complementary, alternative health-care profession that aims to heal using manual therapies on the spine and extremities. [e]
  • Imagery (psychotherapy) [r]: The use of mental images produced by the imagination as a form of therapy for emotional disorders, or to help cope with the emotional impact of disease or discomfort. [e]
    • Guided imagery [r]: A process in which a facilitator or therapist, usually through spoken words and sometimes music or natural sounds, assists a person in imagining scenes or objects. The goal may be to induce a state of relaxation, or to reduce the distress of physical pain by transforming it to images that are then diminished. [e]
  • Massage [r]: Systematic, applied manipulation of body tissues with the hands to relieve pain and reduce swelling, relax muscles, and speed healing after strains and sprains. [e]
  • Mind-body therapies [r]: Techniques to improve mental or physical health that involve creating images, suggestion, states of relaxation to reduce the impact of pain or to accelerate healing [e]
  • Musculoskeletal manipulations [r]: Physical movement of body tissues, muscles and bones, by hands or equipment, to improve health and circulation, relieve fatigue, or promote healing. [e]

Other related topics

  • Angina [r]: The symptom of paroxysmal pain consequent to myocardial ischemia usually of distinctive character, location and radiation. [e]
  • Arthritis [r]: A group of medical conditions where there is damage caused to the joints of the body. [e]
  • Compression fracture [r]: Spinal fracture of a vertebral body, that results from the axial compression of the vertebra, and a loss of height of the bone. [e]
  • Dance therapy [r]: The use of dance and other movement techniques to improve health, dealing with emotional or neurologic problems [e]
  • Deep venous thrombosis [r]: The formation of a blood clot ("thrombus") in a deep vein. [e]
  • Depression [r]: Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Depression (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
  • Dizziness [r]: A sense of spatial disorientation, motion of the environment, or lightheadedness. [e]
  • Dysmenorrhoea [r]: Discomfort and pain associated with menstruation. [e]
  • Fibromyalgia [r]: Inflammation of the fibrous or connective tissue of the body, characterized by acute and debilitating widespread musculoskeletal pain. [e]
  • Geriatrics [r]: "the branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility."(National Library of Medicine) [e]
  • Hunger [r]: Localized subjective sensation, caused by emptiness and a resulting hypermotility of the stomach. [e]
  • Irritable bowel syndrome [r]: A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. [e]
  • Lumbalgia [r]: Common musculoskeletal disorder caused by a variety of diseases and trauma that affect the lumbar spine. [e]
  • Migraine headache [r]: Vascular type of headache, marked by severe cranial vault pain lasting several hours, resulting from intracranial, extracranial, or psychogenic causes. [e]
  • Multiple sclerosis [r]: A chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). [e]
  • Neuralgia [r]: Acute paroxysmal pain with no continuous nociceptive input, along a peripheral sensory nerve. [e]
  • Neuropathic pain [r]: Chronic pain state that is usually accompanied by tissue injury, with damaged, dysfunctional or injured nerve fibers. [e]
  • Oxytocin [r]: A mammalian hormone that is secreted into the bloodstream from the posterior pituitary gland, and which is also released into the brain where it has effects on social behaviors. [e]
  • Pain in babies [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Pain measurement [r]: Scale of a patient's pain intensity or other features, based on self-report, observational, or physiological data. [e]
  • Palliative care [r]: Medical care or treatment that concentrates on alleviating the severity of disease symptoms, rather than striving to provide a cure. [e]
  • Placebo [r]: A treatment or drug, administered by, or at the orders of, a health professional, that the professional knows will have no physiologic effect [e]
  • Psychological stress [r]: Biological reactions to any adverse stimulus, mental or emotional, that tends to disturb the organisms homeostasis, and may lead to disorders. [e]
  • Psychotherapy [r]: An intervention or insight technique that relies on communication between a therapist and a client(s) to address specific forms of diagnosable mental illness, or everyday problems [e]
  • Rheumatoid arthritis [r]: A chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack the joints. [e]
  • Sadism [r]: A condition in which there is a derivation of pleasure from inflicting pain, discomfort or humiliation on another person or persons. The sexual significance of sadistic wishes or behavior may be conscious or unconscious. [e]
  • Sciatica [r]: Pain along the sciatic nerve usually caused by a herniated disk of the lumbar region of the spine and radiating to the buttocks and to the back of the thigh. [e]
  • Sham treatment [r]: Use of some parts of a treatment that do have physical effects on a subject, which are intended to act as placebo where it is impossible to have a completely neutral equivalent to the treatment. While a pill with no active ingredients can be a placebo, for surgery, sham surgery would require at least anesthesia and an incision. [e]
  • Somatoform disorder [r]: Psychological disorder characterized by physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause. [e]
  • Sympathetic magic [r]: The cultural concept that a symbol, or small aspect, of a more powerful entity can, as desired by the user, invoke or compel that entity [e]
  • Torture [r]: The infliction of mental or physical pain, for punishment or as an interrogation technique. [e]
  • Unpopularity [r]: The quality of lacking acceptance or approval by one's peers. [e]
  • Vertebral subluxation [r]: Chiropractic concepts of health and wellness revolve around this model theory that makes the hypothesis that spinal function affects spinal nerves in such a fashion as to affect various aspects of health. [e]