Pain management

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Pain management is an interdisciplinary approach to alleviating suffering from pain. Medical programs are most often led by physicians trained in pain medicine, but, like closely related hospice and palliative medicine, it is a team discipline. Nonphysician professionals in a pain management center include nursing, physical therapy, pastoral care, various types of psychotherapists, and clinical pharmacy. A variety of complementary and alternative medicine techniques are not infrequently used, especially visualization and meditation, massage and acupuncture, as well as other disciplines.