From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Nucleotide, or pages that link to Nucleotide or to this page or whose text .
- DNA : A macromolecule — chemically, a nucleic acid — that stores genetic information.
- RNA : A polymer, made using the nucleotides of adenosine, guanosine, uridine and cytidine, that is used for a variety of biological functions in living systems.
- Deoxyribose : Add brief definition or description
- Ribose : Add brief definition or description
- Bases : In the context of nucleic acids, the non-sugar part of nucleotides, which can be either a pyrimidine (usually cytosine, thymine, or uracil) or a purine (usually adenine or guanine).
- Purine : Add brief definition or description
- Pyrimidine : Add brief definition or description
- Nucleoside : A purine or pyrimidine base attached to a ribose (used in RNA) or deoxyribose (used in DNA).
- Gene : The functional unit of heredity.
- Allele : A specific sequence of a gene, and one of a pair in a diploid cell (one per chromosome).
- Codon : Add brief definition or description
- Hydrogen bond : A non-covalent and non-ionic chemical bond involving a hydrogen atom and either Fluorine, Nitrogen, or Oxygen.
- PCR : A biochemical technique used to amplify the amount of DNA obtained from a sample.
- DNA sequencing : The process of determining the order of the nucleobases adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C) within a strand of DNA.
- DNA transcription : Add brief definition or description
- DNA replication : The synthesis of DNA where each strand of a double-stranded DNA molecule acts as a template for DNA polymerase enzymes to reproduce a complementary molecule.