Health/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Health.
See also changes related to Health, or pages that link to Health or to this page or whose text contains "Health".

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  • Alcoholism [r]: Chronic addiction to alcohol. [e]
  • Alcohol [r]: A chemical compound that contains a hydroxy group (OH). [e]
  • Alternative medicine (theories) [r]: Overview of social, cultural and philosophical perspectives of concepts relating to human health and healing offering links to more detailed discussions [e]
  • American Thoracic Society [r]: Professional and scientific society of respiratory, critical care and sleep medicine. [e]
  • Anatomy [r]: The branch of morphology given to the study of the structure of members of the biological kingdom Animalia (animals). [e]
  • Autism [r]: Developmental disability that results from a disorder of the human central nervous system. [e]
  • Benjamin Rush [r]: (1745 - 1813) American physician, educator, chemist, writer, and Founding Father who is known as the "Father of American Psychiatry." [e]
  • Biologically based health practices [r]: Methods in conventional medicine, complementary and alternative medicine and traditional medicine that share the characteristic that substances used in the practice come from plants or animals [e]
  • Biophysics [r]: The study of forces and energies in biological systems. [e]
  • Brain morphometry [r]: The quantitative study of structures in the brain, their differences between individuals, correlations with brain function, and changes of these characteristics over time. [e]
  • Brain size [r]: Umbrella term for various measures of how big a brain is. [e]
  • Breed standard [r]: Set of guidelines which is used to ensure that the animals produced by a breeder or breeding facility conform to the specifics of the breed. [e]
  • Chips (food) [r]: Strips of skinless potato that are grilled, deep-fried or baked until their outsides are crisp and approaching golden brown in colour [e]
  • Circulatory system [r]: Organ system that passes nutrients, gases, hormones, blood cells, nitrogen waste products, etc. to and from cells in the body. [e]
  • Cortical thickness [r]: The combined thickness of the cerebral cortex layers. [e]
  • Cryonics [r]: The low-temperature preservation of corpses in the vague hope that resuscitation may eventually become possible in the future. [e]
  • Diagnostic imaging [r]: The ensemble of methods used to generate visual representations of objects of clinical interest. [e]
  • Disease [r]: A condition of the body in which one or more of its components fail to operate properly, resulting in disability, pain or other forms of suffering, or behavioral aberrations. [e]
  • Dog grooming [r]: the act of cleaning a dog's coat and external organs both for the sake of appearance and for the animal's health and hygiene. [e]
  • Dog show [r]: Competition or display of domestic dogs. [e]
  • Endocrinology [r]: Generically, the study of glands and the hormonal regulation of physiology; also the subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with diseases of the endocrine system [e]
  • Epidemiology [r]: The branch of demography that studies patterns of disease in human or animal populations. [e]
  • Faith healing [r]: Use of faith and spirit to cure disease. [e]
  • Farming with raw sewage [r]: Use of human waste to fertilise and irrigate crops; particularly common where water is scarce. [e]
  • Grand Hotel (Scarborough) [r]: Hotel in Scarborough, England; when completed in 1867, one of the largest hotels in the world. [e]
  • Gyrification [r]: The folding process during brain development, or the extent of folding. [e]
  • Harvey Cushing [r]: Surgical pioneer and father of modern neurosurgery; biographer of William Osler [e]
  • Hatha Yoga Pradipika [r]: Sanskrit text by Maharishi Swatmarama that explains Hatha Yoga. [e]
  • Healing arts [r]: The health sciences, forms of complementary and alternative medicine, and traditional practices aimed at curing disease, healing injury and promoting wellness. [e]
  • Health science [r]: The helping professions that use applied science to improve health and to treat disease. [e]
  • Hippocrates [r]: (c. 460 – 370 BCE) A physician, who revolutionized the practice of medicine by transforming it from its mythical, superstitious, magical and supernatural roots to a science based on observation and reason. [e]
  • Human anatomy [r]: The study of shapes and structures of and within the human body. [e]
  • Infectious disease [r]: In broad terms, diseases caused by living organisms; also a subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the treatment of such diseases [e]
  • Integrative medicine [r]: Organized health care that involves willing cooperation between mainstream and complementary medicine [e]
  • Istituto Nazionale di Statistica [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • John Rawls [r]: (1921–2002) American liberal political philosopher and professor at Harvard University. [e]
  • Lipid [r]: Group of organic compounds, including the fats, oils, waxes, sterols, and triglycerides, that are insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar organic solvents, and together with carbohydrates and proteins constitute the principal structural material of living cells. [e]
  • Maltese (dog) [r]: Breed of canine in the toy group, known for its silky white hair, descended from dogs originating in the central Mediterranean area. [e]
  • McDonald's [r]: The world's largest chain of fast food restaurants; while there are regional variations, the chain emphasizes consistency in its core products and ambience [e]
  • Medical education [r]: Learning process of being a medical practitioner, either the initial training to become a doctor or further training thereafter (including residency). [e]
  • Medication [r]: A licensed drug taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness or medical condition. [e]
  • Medicine [r]: The study of health and disease of the human body. [e]
  • Michel Foucault [r]: (1926-84) French philosopher and historian who tried to show power relations behind social institutions. [e]
  • Microorganism [r]: A 'germ', an organism that is too small to be seen individually with the naked eye. [e]
  • Mumbai [r]: The capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra, and is the most populous city in India; formerly known as Bombay. [e]
  • Neuroimaging [r]: A group of techniques used to visualize structure and function of nervous systems, especially the vertebrate brain. [e]
  • Neurology [r]: The medical specialty concerned with evaluating the nervous system and the other system that it affects, and the treatment of nervous system disorders. [e]
  • Nobel Prize [r]: A prestigious annual prize awarded according to the will of Swedish chemist and entrepreneur Alfred Nobel in the categories Peace, Literature, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, and Physics. [e]
  • Organism [r]: An individual living individual: a complex, adaptive physical system that acts a integrated unit that sustains metabolism and reproduces progeny that resemble it. [e]
  • Pathology [r]: The medical specialty that is expert in the use of laboratory methods to support clinicians in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis [e]
  • Penguin [r]: Large-bodied flightless birds found from their southernmost range on Antarctica to north on the Galapagos Islands at the equator. [e]
  • Pet [r]: Particularly cherished or indulged companion animal. [e]
  • Pharmacy [r]: A area of heath science that uses principles of chemistry and biology to study the interaction of drugs with biological systems and optimize drug therapy. [e]
  • Physical examination [r]: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality. [e]
  • Pollutant [r]: Any substance introduced into the environment that adversely affects the usefulness of a natural resource or the health of humans, animals, or ecosystems. [e]
  • Polymicrogyria [r]: A disorder in which the brain surface resembles that of a road paved with cobblestones. [e]
  • Poodle [r]: Popular and intelligent European gun dog and well-known show breed noted for its curly or corded coat. [e]
  • Portuguese Water Dog [r]: A working dog in the retriever family, traditionally used to assist fishermen in Portugal. [e]
  • Potassium in nutrition and human health [r]: Role of dietary potassium and its associated bicarbonate-generating organic ions in human physiology and in preventive and therapeutic medicine. [e]
  • Psychiatry [r]: The subfield of health sciences concerned with mental disorders. [e]
  • Ptolemy [r]: (2nd century AD) Egyptian astronomer and geographer whose main work, the Almagest, a compendium of contemporary astronomical knowledge, was in use into the 15th century. [e]
  • Radiology [r]: A physician specialty with a core competence in obtaining and diagnosing by means of instruments that receive energy transmitted through the body; there are a number of subspecialties. [e]
  • Rheumatology [r]: Medical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of connective tissue diseases; a subspecialty of internal medicine [e]
  • Rudy Demotte [r]: A Belgian socialist politician appointed Minister-President of Wallonia since July 19, 2007. [e]
  • Ryuhei Kawada [r]: (川田龍平 Kawada Ryuhei) independent Japanese politician who campaigns on health issues; was involved in legal action against the government and a pharmaceutical company over the 1980s 'tainted blood scandal' that led to his HIV infection (born 1976). [e]
  • Schizophrenia [r]: A mental disorder characterized by impaired perception of the individual's environment. [e]
  • Selective breeding [r]: Process of breeding plants and animals for particular genetic traits and desirable characteristics. [e]
  • Skin [r]: Membranous protective tissue forming the external covering or integument of an animal and consisting in vertebrates of the epidermis and dermis, and capable of receiving external sensory stimuli. [e]
  • Sleep [r]: Naturally recurring state of relatively suspended sensory and motor activity in animals, characterized by total or partial unconsciousness. [e]
  • Somatoform disorder [r]: Psychological disorder characterized by physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause. [e]
  • Surgery [r]: Field of medicine that focuses on operative treatments of the body. [e]
  • Sustainable development [r]: Pattern of resource use that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for future generations. [e]
  • Vegetarianism [r]: A group of similar voluntary diets, loosely characterized by a reduction or elimination of animal products. [e]
  • Vesalius [r]: (1514 - 1564) Flemish physician who revolutionized the field of anatomy by laying the groundwork for a new, observation-based methodology, using dissections of human cadavers. [e]
  • William Osler [r]: physician, educator, medical philosopher, and historian from Canada, often called the Father of Modern Medicine. [e]