From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

Endocrinology is a branch of both biology and medicine that studies hormones and their effects on the body. As practitioners of one of the medical specialties, physicians who are endocrinologists treat patients with disorders of the endocrine system. That part of the human body includes the glands, like the pituitary, pancreas, thyroid and adrenals, that produce hormones. Now the regulation of hormones within the body is a delicate balancing of many factors, and imbalances can have enormous consequences for health, growth, and even the acquisition of the characteristics (like having a beard or developing breast tissue) that are the outward manifestations of being a grown man or woman, that is, of biological gender. Endocrinology includes the study of both the normal processes that are directed by hormones (hormonal physiology), as well as the disease states, and unusual features, that are associated with the effects of hormonal imbalances (hormonal pathology).

"The term "endocrine" denotes internal secretion of biologically active substances — in contrast to "exocrine," which denotes secretion outside the body, eg, through sweat glands or ducts that lead into the gastrointestinal tract Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag