Fossil fuel/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Fossil fuel: Fossil fuels are substances having a high percentage of carbon and hydrocarbons that were formed by the decay of biomass and other dead organisms over a time period of millions of years, the most common being coal, natural gas, fuel oil and various hydrocarbon gases and liquids derived from natural gas and petroleum crude oil.
This article contains just a definition and optionally other subpages (such as a list of related articles), but no metadata. if you want to expand this into a full article.
- Chemistry : The science of matter, or of the electrical or electrostatical interactions of matter.
- Engineering : The profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to economically use the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind.
- Chemical engineering : The field of engineering that deals with industrial and natural processes involving the chemical, physical or biological transformation of matter or energy into forms useful for mankind, economically and safely without compromising the environment
- Energy (science) : A measurable physical quantity of a system which can be expressed in joules (the metric unit for a quantity of energy) or other measurement units such as ergs, calories, watt-hours or Btu.
- Heat : A form of energy that flows spontaneously from hotter to colder bodies that are in thermal contact.
- Carbon : Fourth most abundant chemical element in the Universe, with atomic number Z=6.
- Coal : A carbon-containing rock formed by the effect of bacteria, heat and pressure on the debris from the decay of ferns, vines, trees and other plants which flourished in swamps millions of years ago.
- Combustion : A sequence of exothermic chemical reactions between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat or both heat and light in the form of either a glow or flames.
- Conventional coal-fired power plant : An industrial plant which produces electricity by burning of coal and air in a steam generator that heats water to produce high pressure steam which then flows through a series of steam turbines that spin an electrical generator to generate electricity.
- Flue gas emissions from fossil fuel combustion : Discussion and listing of the comparative amounts of flue gas (exhaust gas) generated by the combustion of coal, fuel oil and natural gas.
- Fossil fuel power plant : An electrical power plant that converts the combustion heat energy derived from burning a fossil fuel, such as coal, natural gas or a petroleum fuel oil, into electricity. The combustion heat energy may be used to generate steam for a steam turbine that drives an electrical generator or it may be used directly in a gas turbine or internal combustion engine to drive an electric generator.
- Gasoline : A fuel for spark-ignited internal combustion engines derived from petroleum crude oil.
- Global warming : The increase in the average temperature of the Earth's near-surface air and oceans in recent decades and its projected continuation.
- Heat of combustion : The energy released as heat when a substance undergoes complete combustion with oxygen.
- Hydrocarbon : Add brief definition or description
- Natural gas : A gas consisting primarily of methane (CH4) which is found as raw natural gas in underground reservoirs, as gas associated with underground reservoirs of petroleum crude oil, as undersea methane hydrates and as coalbed methane in underground coal mines.
- Natural gas processing : Industrial facilities that process raw natural gas to remove contaminants as well as to separate out and recover by product natural gas liquids.
- Petroleum crude oil : A naturally occurring, flammable liquid found primarily in underground geological formations and consists of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights plus other organic compounds.