From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Adrenal insufficiency : Adrenocortical insufficiency caused by disease, suppression by drugs, destruction, or surgical removal of the adrenal cortices.
- Adrenergic beta-agonist : Class of drugs used to treat asthma and other pulmonary disease states.
- Aldosterone : Major mineralocorticoid steroid hormone that controls electrolytes, blood pressure and hydration.
- Anaphylaxis : An acute allergic reaction caused by exposure to an antigen to which the patient is hypersensitive.
- Angiotensin : Oligopeptides which are important in the regulation of blood pressure (vasoconstriction) and fluid homeostasis via the renin-angiotensin system. These include angiotensins derived naturally from precursor angiotensinogen, and those synthesized.
- Asthma : Disease process that is characterised by paradoxical narrowing of the bronchi, making breathing difficult.
- Bacterial meningitis : Acute neurological meningeal inflammation caused by bacteria which, if untreated, is often fatal, or associated with significant sequelae.
- Chlorthalidone : A thiazide-like diuretic medication used to treat hypertension in humans.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : A group of diseases characterized by the pathological limitation of airflow in the airway that is not fully reversible.
- Digital object identifier : Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals.
- Drugs banned from the Olympics : Substances prohibited for use by athletes prior to, and during competing in the Olympics.
- Fibromyalgia : Inflammation of the fibrous or connective tissue of the body, characterized by acute and debilitating widespread musculoskeletal pain.
- Glucocorticoid receptor : Receptor that cortisol and other glucocorticoids bind to, and has many varied (pleiotropic) effects in different parts of the body.
- Glucocorticoid : Corticosteroids that affect carbohydrate metabolism, inhibit adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion, and are anti-inflammatory.
- Herpes zoster : Herpes virus that is responsible for chicken pox, which results in a painful blistery red rash that is confined to one side of the body.
- Homeopathy : System of alternative medicine involving administration of highly diluted substances with the intention to stimulate the body's natural healing processes, not considered proven by mainstream science.
- Ketoconazole : Azole-based antifungal drug.
- Medication : A licensed drug taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness or medical condition.
- Metered dose inhaler : A handheld medical device that lets a patient inhale one or more puffs of medication, usually through the mouth, which contains a known amount of drug
- Migraine headache : Vascular type of headache, marked by severe cranial vault pain lasting several hours, resulting from intracranial, extracranial, or psychogenic causes.
- Multiple sclerosis : A chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS).
- Natural stress relief meditation : Add brief definition or description
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent : Medication other than corticosteroids having analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory activity due to their ability to inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins.
- Perennial allergic rhinitis : Allergic inflammation of the nose and connecting structures, which is established not to be caused by a seasonal allergen
- Prednisone : A synthetic anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid steroid designed as a mimic of the naturally occurring steroid cortisone.
- Preoperative care : Preparation and management of a patient prior to surgery.
- Septic shock : Serious medical condition caused by decreased tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery as a result of infection and sepsis.
- Sinusitis : Infection or inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which may or may not be as a result of infection, from bacterial, fungal, viral, allergic or autoimmune issues.
- Steroid : Hormone group that controls metabolism, catabolism, growth, electrolyte balance and sexual characteristics.
- Stress (physiology) : Pathological process resulting from the reaction of the body to external forces and conditions that tend to disturb the organism's homeostasis.
- Tremor : Cyclical movement of a body part that can represent either a physiologic process or a manifestation of disease.
- Vasculitis : Inflammation of blood vessel walls.
- Vasopressin : A hormone also called (arginine vasopressin, (AVP); formerly known as antidiuretic hormone, ADH), produced in the hypothalamus secreted from the posterior pituitary that causes kidneys to concentrate urine to conserve water, also causes vasoconstriction.