Christianity/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Christianity.
See also changes related to Christianity, or pages that link to Christianity or to this page or whose text contains "Christianity".

Persons

Churches

  • Anglicanism [r]: the religious tradition of the Church of England and the other autonomous members of the Anglican Communion. [e]
  • Catholicism [r]: 1. A large group of Christian denominations which view themselves as being in historical and doctrinal continuity with Catholic Christianity as it existed before the Great Schisms that separated the church universal into different communions. It is taken from the word catholic, used in the sense of universal, or all-embracing. 2. Adherence, membership or affiliation with the Roman Catholic Church. To use the term "Catholic" to describe only Roman Catholics is standard among many, but may offend Christians of other denominations who also view themselves as "Catholic", such as many Anglicans, Orthodox Christians and High Lutherans. [e]
  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [r]: A restorationist Christian denomination founded in 1830 by Joseph Smith, Jr. and currently headquartered in Salt Lake City, Utah. [e]
  • Eastern Orthodox Church [r]: Those Christians who are in communion with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. [e]
  • Evangelicalism [r]: A historically recent collection of religious beliefs, practices, and traditions typified by an emphasis on evangelism, and by what adherents call a "personal experience" of conversion. [e]
  • Pentecostalism [r]: A Christian Evangelical movement, mostly Protestant, that emphasizes speaking in tongues, divine healing and baptism of the Holy Spirit. [e]
  • Protestantism [r]: The branch of Christianity that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation of the 16th century. [e]
  • Seventh-day Adventist Church [r]: A Christian denomination founded the in mid-19th-century U.S., whose key beliefs include the seventh-day Sabbath, baptism by immersion, and a physical coming of Christ. [e]

History

  • Papacy [r]: Head of the Roman Catholic Church. [e]
  • Reformation [r]: The major religious revolution in Western Europe in the 16th century, led by Martin Luther, John Calvin and other Protestants. [e]

Philosophy

The Christian Calendar

  • Advent [r]: The first season of the Christian year that lasts for four weeks and is marked by preparations for the celebration of Christmas. [e]
  • Christmas [r]: Winter holiday beginning on 25th December; originated as a pagan festival but was adopted by early Christians to observe the birth of Jesus, and today is a major international event regardless of religious background. [e]
  • Epiphany [r]: Christian feast commemorating the visit of the magi to the infant Jesus. It marks the end of Christmastide. [e]
  • Lent [r]: The period of penitence through which Christians prepare for the observance of Jesus Christ's death and resurrection. [e]
  • Easter [r]: The Christian festival celebrating the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. [e]
  • Pentecost [r]: The Christian festival which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit onto Christ's apostles. [e]

Other

  • Sin [r]: An immoral act or omission considered by Christians and other religious people to be against divine law, or offending God. [e]