Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI, Latin Benedictus, original name Joseph Alois Ratzinger (born 16 April 1925, Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany), was the leader of the Roman Catholic Church. He was elected on 19 April 2005, following the death of Pope John Paul II.
As Pope, he was theologically conservative and traditionalist. He authored three Papal encyclicals: Deus Caritas Est ("God Is Love", a 2005 treatise on Christian love), Spe Salvi ("In Hope We Are Saved"; in 2007, on Christian hope) and Caritas in Veritate ("Charity in Truth"; in 2009, "On Integral Human Development in Charity and Truth").
He resigned on 28 February 2013, having said advancing age had deprived him of strength to carry on; he retained his title as emeritus.