Biological weapon/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Biological weapon, or pages that link to Biological weapon or to this page or whose text .
- Infectious disease : In broad terms, diseases caused by living organisms; also a subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the treatment of such diseases
- Weapons of mass destruction : Weapons that cause death or injury not primarily through kinetic energy of projectiles or the detonation of conventional explosives, but rather produce large-scale effects greater than possible with the same weight of explosives weapons; by means heat, blast and radiation from nuclear weapon; poisoning by chemical weapon; infectious disease by biological weapons; or acute or chronic radiation syndromes from radiological weapons.
- Biological Weapons and Toxins Convention : International agreement banning the production and use of biological weapons, recognizing that there are also legitimate medical, research, and industrial uses for organisms that have potential use in biological warfare
- Dual-use : Materials or equipment capable of being used either in civilian applications, or for military applications subject to counterproliferation controls, or for other sensitive uses such as the drug trade
- CDC Bioterrorism Diseases-Agents List : A formal procedure for categorizing organisms as biological warfare threats, with a schedule of included agents, which complements the Select Agent Program list and the Biological Weapons and Toxins Convention; it is more for emerging threats or reassessments of hazard
- Select Agent Program : Pathogens or biological toxins which have been declared by the US Department of Health and Human Services or by the US Department of Agriculture to have the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety.
- Bacillus anthracis : The bacterium that causes anthrax. It is a Select Agent and a high-risk biological weapon.
- Francisella tularensis : Pathogenic, aerobic Gram-negative bacteria, that causes the circulatory disease tularemia, which can be contracted via contaminated food or drink, physical contact, spray, or bug bite.
- Variola virus : Orthopoxvirus species that cause smallpox and alastrim.
- Coxiella burnetii : The rickettsia that causes Q fever.
- Q fever : Disease caused by infection with the rickettsia Coxiella burnetii, a bacterium that affects both humans and animals, resulting in a rash, fever, malaise, and muscular pains.
- Clostridium botulinum : Gram-positive, anaerobic rod shaped bacterium that produces the neurotoxin botulin, which causes the flaccid muscular paralysis seen in botulism, and is also the main paralytic agent in botox.
- Venezuelan equine encephalitis : Add brief definition or description
- Yersinia pestis : Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae, that can infect humans and other animals in three main forms: pneumonic, septicemic, and the notorious bubonic plagues.
- Plague : Contagious, malignant, epidemic disease, in particular the bubonic plague and the black plague, both forms of the same infection, caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Investigation and verification
- Hutton inquiry : Add brief definition or description
- United Nations Special Commission : (UNSCOM) United Nations organization, formed after the Iraq War, to assess the weapons of mass destruction capability of Iraq
- Medical intelligence : Techniques involved in determining the public health of a country, so the physical characteristics of leaders and workers are understood, as well as local hazards to foreigners entering the country or regions of it
- Aum Shinrikyo : A Japanese religious organization that conducted weapons of mass destruction operations inside Japan, principally sarin chemical weapon releases in 1994 and 1995
- Biopreparat : Add brief definition or description
- Chemical Corps : A branch of military service concerned with detection and decontamination of chemical, biological and radiological agents; smoke generation; and, in the past, offensive chemical warfare and biological warfare
- Fort Detrick : Add brief definition or description
- Porton Down : Add brief definition or description
- Unit 731 : Imperial Japanese Army research and development facility for biological weapons, headquartered in Pingfan, Manchuria; headed by Gen. Shiro Ishii; engaged in human experimentation and field use of weapons
- Centrifuge : A device which separates particles or droplets suspended in a liquid based on their relative densities,using centrifugal force generated by spinning the sample rapidly around a fixed axis.
- Fermenter : In an industrial context, a large vessel, agitators and circulating pumps, heating or chilling, air supply or air exclusion, etc., used to produce large amounts of microorganisms or of their components or secretions
- Lyophilizer : Commonly called a freeze-dryer, a method of preserving, with high quality, foods, sensitive chemicals, and even living cells, by chilling them to cryogenic temperatures and then applying vacuum such that the frozen water sublimes in place, not disrupting the structure of the frozen material
- Aerosol dispersion : In the context of weapons of mass destruction, the range of technologies necessary to deliver biological or chemical weapons, to large areas, as "clouds" of aerosolized particles
- Entomological warfare : The use of insects, or more generally arthropods, as a biological weapon; the most common usage is to use the insects as vectors for transferring pathogenic microorganisms, but there have been suggestions of direct use of harmful insects, especially against agricultural targets
- Counterproliferation : The set of activities that detect and monitor the threat of weapons of special concern against one's own nation and one's allies.
- CBRNE Consequence Management Response Force : Under United States Northern Command, a U.S. Army organization, complemented with National Guard units, for responding to domestic chemical, biological, nuclear, radiological and high-yield explosive events in the United States and Canada
- Decontamination : The efforts to safeguard property and people that have been exposed to chemical, nuclear, or biological agents.
- Chemical Weapons Convention : Arms control treaty which prohibits the production, use and possession of chemical weapons and related assets.