Aircraft carrier/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Aircraft carrier, or pages that link to Aircraft carrier or to this page or whose text .
- Naval warfare : The military history of the organized navies of the world from 300 BCE to the present.
- Naval aviator : One who is rated as a member of an aircrew that operates from an aircraft carrier, including pilots, naval flight officers, and enlisted aviation technicians; there is an implication that the "true" aviators operate from ships at sea; term can encompass crews of land-based aircraft for specifically naval missions
- Angled deck : A critical modification to the design of aircraft carrier flight decks, in which part of the flight deck was slightly offset from the centerline of the vessel; aircraft, especially jets, could accelerate after a missed landing and safely get airborne, rather than crash into a barricade or parked aircraft
- Catapult : A device for converting stored energy into a strong linear force
- Conventional takeoff and landing : Either an aircraft that requires long runways, or a carrier-capable aircraft that must be catapult-launched and will land with the tailhook & arrested landing system
- Carrier-capable : An aircraft capable of operation from an aircraft carrier; ruggedized for sea conditions; often implies capable of catapult takeoffs and arrested landings
- Catapult Assisted Take Off But Arrested Recovery : (CATOBAR) A set of technologies and procedures that allowed the operation of large, high-performance naval aircraft from carriers at sea
- Flight deck : The main deck area of aircraft carriers, from which aircraft take off and land; high-performance jet operation became practical, in part, only when the flight deck was redesigned to be an angled deck slightly offset from the centerline of the ship
- Hazard from Electromagnetic Radiation to Ordnance : Recognition of the risks, and mitigating them, of premature actuation of explosive system by high-energy military electromagnetic emissions
- Insensitive high explosives : Explosives, principally for military use, which have an extremely low probability of detonating accidentally or other than as intended in a specific application; not easily converted to improvised explosive devices, will not detonate when engulfed in fire, and, when used in the high explosive initator of a nuclear weapon, unable to trigger fission unless precisely triggered
- Island (aircraft carrier) : A modified ship superstructure for aircraft carriers, of minimal size for needed functions and offset to one side of the ship in order to have a clear flight deck
- Safety and survivability of naval vessels : Beyond the rules of the Safety of Life at Sea convention, protective measures, for naval vessels, against their own systems as well as enemy fire
- Short takeoff and vertical landing : A carrier-capable aircraft that takes a short takeoff, without catapulting but possibly a "ski jump" ramp, but lands vertically.
- Tailhook : Hook on the underside of some aircraft which catches an arresting wire for short distance landings.
- Carrier Strike Group : In the U.S. Navy, the group of ships centered around a large aircraft carrier
- Circular cruising formation : Developed by Chester W. Nimitz, a naval tactical formation in which the high value units (e.g., aircraft carriers and amphibious warfare ships) are in the center of the formation, surrounded by concentric rings of escorts for anti-air warfare, anti-submarine warfare, and early warning (i.e., pickets)
First World War
- Torndern Raid : First raid launched from an aircraft carrier, HMS Furious, July 1918; damaged German Zeppelin facilities at Torndern (now Tønder, Denmark), heavily damaging it.
Second World War
Carrier vs. Land
- Battle of Pearl Harbor : Imperial Japanese Navy raid on United States' naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, which took place on the morning of Sunday, December 7, 1941.
- Doolittle Raid : The first U.S. offensive operation in the Pacific during the Second World War.
Carrier vs. Carrier
- Battle of Midway : Generally considered to be the turning point of the Pacific Theater in the Second World War, a Japanese force intending to capture Midway Island was turned back with the loss of four aircraft carriers, at the cost of one U.S. carrier; it was the last major Japanese offensive of the war
- Battle of the Coral Sea : Fought in May 1942, the first battle between naval forces built around aircraft carriers, in which the opposing United States and Japanese ships never saw one another; it was a tactical Japanese defeat and strategic U.S. victory
- Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands : October 1942 battle between U.S. and Japanese carrier forces supporting operations on Guadalcanal; U.S. lost more ships but Japan lost more aircraft; helped hold back Japanese land attack
- Battle of the Eastern Solomons : Fought in August 1942 between U.S. and Japanese forces, and the second of the five World War II battles fought between carrier units; U.S. lost more ships, Japanese lost more aircraft, and Japanese reinforcement of Guadalcanal was prevented while U.S. Marines fought off a determined ground attack on the airfield
- Battle of the Philippine Sea : An carrier battle between the U.S. and Japan in June 1944, called the "Great Marianas Turkey Shoot" due to the extremely heavy Japanese aircraft losses, marked the end of offensive Japanese capabilities, and gave the U.S. control of the islands from which the major B-29 bomber offensive against the Japanese Home Islands could be conducted
Carrier vs. Ship
- Battle of Leyte Gulf : The largest naval battle in history, fought in October 1944 as Japan tried to interfere with U.S. amphibious landings in the Philippines
- Operation FLAMING DART : The first U.S. air attacks on North Vietnam, after the Gulf of Tonkin incident, by the U.S. during the Vietnam War, but before the full Operation ROLLING THUNDER campaign
- Operation DESERT SHIELD : That part of the Gulf War following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, beginning with the acceptance of Coalition support by Saudi Arabia, and ending with the start of the air campaign, Operation DESERT STORM.
- Amphibious Ready Group : A group of amphibious warfare ships that can carry a U.S. Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) or U.K. Royal Marine Commando
- Amphibious warfare : The set of techniques, equipment, specialized units, and methods of training needed to move troops across water, and deliver them to land, ready for immediate combat.
- George H. W. Bush : (1924–) 41st U.S. President (Republican), elected in 1988 and serving one term; Director of Central Intelligence; U.S. Ambassador to China; youngest naval aviator in WWII
- Expeditionary Strike Group : ESG: An unit of United States Navy surface and subsurface combatants, combined with the amphibious warfare capability of an Amphibious Ready Group (ARG)
- High-value asset : A military aircraft, ship, weapon, or other asset with such power, either as a force multiplier or in destructive capability, to justify a strong protective force
- John McCain : (1936–) Republican Senator from Arizona (1986–) and the Republican presidential candidate in 2008; ranking minority member, Senate Armed Services Committee; member ex officio, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence; Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction
- Joint Tactical Information Distribution System : The primary communications system used for sharing tactical information internally, and among NATO, Australia, and other U.S. allies
- Key West Agreement : A "roles and missions" agreement, of questionable effectiveness, reached after the United States Air Force was created, and disputed that the United States Army and United States Navy should have aircraft able to carry out, respectively, close air support and strike functions