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- AIDS : A collection of symptoms and signs caused when an infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) changes from simple presence to active disease.
- Abdominojugular test : The abdominojugular test (AJR), also known as hepatojugular reflux, is used as an alternate physical examination test for measuring central venous pressure through the distension or swelling of the jugular vein.
- Acute coronary syndrome : Set of signs and symptoms related to the heart, due to myocardial ischemia.
- Afferent pupillary defect : An asymmetry of the pupillomotor input between the two eyes.
- Amaurosis fugax : A neurological symptom that is transient complete or partial monocular blindness due to retinal ischemia. This may be caused by emboli from the carotid artery (usually in association with carotid stenosis) and other locations that enter the central retinal artery.
- Amnesia : Pathologic partial or complete loss of the ability to recall past experiences (retrograde amnesia) or to form new memories (anterograde amnesia).
- Amprenavir : A protease inhibitor antiviral medication used to treat HIV infection.
- Apoptosis : Programmed cell death by which cells in a multicellular organism undergo a controlled death.
- Chiropractic : A complementary, alternative health-care profession that aims to heal using manual therapies on the spine and extremities.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : A group of diseases characterized by the pathological limitation of airflow in the airway that is not fully reversible.
- Clinical prediction rule : Study in which researchers try to identify the best combination of medical sign, symptoms, and other findings in predicting the probability of a specific disease or outcome.
- Dead link : Hyperlink in an HTML document that points to a missing or incorrect URL.
- Diabetic neuropathy : Negative effects on the nervous system that can be caused by diabetes mellitus, some of which may necessitate amputation.
- Differential diagnosis : Determination of which two or more diseases with similar symptoms is the one from which a patient is suffering from based on an analysis of the clinical data.
- Dysuria : Painful urination, often associated with infections of the lower urinary tract, urethritis and vaginitis.
- Etiology : Study of causation, or origination, usually applied in medicine to the causes of disease.
- Ganciclovir : Antiviral drug used to treat herpesviruses, particularly cytomegalovirus associated with HIV/AIDS.
- HIV screening : Examination of people with no symptoms, to detect unsuspected cases of human immunodeficiency virus.
- HIV test : Tests used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus in serum, saliva, or urine, to detect HIV antibodies, antigens, or RNA.
- Headache : Continuous pain perceived as being in the cranium.
- Highly active antiretroviral therapy : Drug regimens for treating HIV infections, usually with three or more drugs including an HIV protease inhibitor.
- Homeopathy : System of alternative medicine involving administration of highly diluted substances with the intention to stimulate the body's natural healing processes, not considered proven by mainstream science.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus : An infectious human retrovirus, transmitted by bodily fluids, that causes AIDS.
- Incidentaloma : Tumour found by coincidence without clinical symptoms or suspicion.
- Indinavir : A protease inhibitor drug used to treat HIV/AIDS.
- Kernig's and Brudzinski's signs : Techniques used, as a part of a physical examination, usually when the patient complains of a "stiff neck", to elicit specific signs suggestive of meningitis
- Lumbalgia : Common musculoskeletal disorder caused by a variety of diseases and trauma that affect the lumbar spine.
- Lung cancer screening : Strategies used to identify early lung cancers before they cause symptoms, at a point where they are more likely to be curable.
- Medical diagnosis : The process of combining observations, tests, and disciplined decision mechanisms to determine the cause(s) of a patient's distress
- Multiple sclerosis : A chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS).
- Nelfinavir : An antiviral protease inhibitor used to treat HIV/AIDS
- Neuroimaging : A group of techniques used to visualize structure and function of nervous systems, especially the vertebrate brain.
- Neurologic manifestation : Clinical signs and symptoms caused by nervous system injury or dysfunction.
- Physical examination : Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
- Porphyria : A diverse group of metabolic diseases characterized by errors in the biosynthetic pathway of heme in the liver, the bone marrow, or both.
- Protease inhibitor : Chemical compound that inhibits the functions of protease enzymes to control viral infections.
- Pulmonary embolism : Blocking of the pulmonary artery or one of its branches by an embolus.
- Rheumatoid arthritis : A chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack the joints.
- Ritonavir : An antiretroviral drug from the protease inhibitor class used to treat HIV infection and AIDS.
- Saquinavir : An antiretroviral drug used in HIV therapy that works by inhibiting protease in HIV.
- Sign (medical) : An objective finding on physical examination or diagnostic testing, complementing the subjective symptoms reported by a patient
- Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis : Form of peritonitis that occurs in patients with cirrhosis and children with nephrotic syndrome.
- Straight leg raise : The straight leg raise, also called Lasègue sign or Lasègue test, is a test done during the physical examination to determine whether a patient with low back pain has an underlying herniated disk
- Sympathetic magic : The cultural concept that a symbol, or small aspect, of a more powerful entity can, as desired by the user, invoke or compel that entity
- Syndrome : Group of symptoms that collectively indicate or characterize a disease, psychological disorder, or other abnormal condition.
- Tipranavir : Protease inhibitor used to treat HIV/AIDS in combination with ritonavir.
- Transient neurological attack : Multiple, acute disturbances involving changes to visual perception, lack of muscle strength, and amnesia.
- Urethritis : inflammation of the urethra, with vague discomfort to painful urination (dysuria), urethral discharge, or both.
- Urinary tract infection : Inflammatory process occurring in the kidney, ureter, bladder, or adjacent structures that occurs when microorganisms enter through the urethra.
- Vaginitis : Inflammation of the vagina characterized by pain and a purulent discharge.
- Zalcitabine : A dideoxynucleoside antiviral drug, similar to cytosine, that inhibits HIV-1 reverse transcriptase.
- Zidovudine : A reverse transcriptase inhibitor, antiviral drug used to treat viruses including HIV/AIDSs.