Pharmacology/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Pharmacology.
See also changes related to Pharmacology, or pages that link to Pharmacology or to this page or whose text contains "Pharmacology".

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  • Adrenergic uptake inhibitor [r]: Drug which acts as a reuptake inhibitor for the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and epinephrine by blocking the action of the norepinephrine transporter. [e]
  • Angiotensin II receptor antagonist [r]: Agents that antagonize angiotensin II type 1 receptor. Included are angiotensin II analogs such as saralasin and biphenylimidazoles such as losartan. Some are used as antihypertensive agents. [e]
  • Antihypertensive [r]: is a drug or pharmacological agent used to treat hypertension. [e]
  • Bioavailability [r]: An objective measurement of the availability, of target tissues, of the active ingredient of a drug or nutrient administered to a living organism [e]
  • Bioequivalence [r]: Two different drugs which have the same potency and bioavailability, assuming equal doses. [e]
  • Chemistry [r]: The science of matter, or of the electrical or electrostatical interactions of matter. [e]
  • Chiropractic [r]: A complementary, alternative health-care profession that aims to heal using manual therapies on the spine and extremities. [e]
  • Cholinergic antagonist [r]: The medications "that bind to but do not activate cholinergic receptors, thereby blocking the actions of acetylcholine or cholinergic agonists." [e]
  • Clonidine [r]: An "alpha-2 adrenergic agonist that crosses the blood-brain barrier. [e]
  • Colchicine [r]: Poisonous, pale-yellow alkaloid obtained from the seed capsules, corms, and bulbs of the meadow saffron, used in plant breeding to induce chromosome doubling and in medicine to treat gout. [e]
  • Diclofenac [r]: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. [e]
  • Drug discovery [r]: Process by which pharmaceuticals are discovered and/or designed. [e]
  • Drug interaction [r]: A modification of the effect of a drug when administered with another drug. [e]
  • Drug-induced liver injury [r]: Injury to the liver that is associated with impaired liver function caused by exposure to a drug; common causes include antibiotics, anticonvulsants, and psychotropic drugs. [e]
  • Flexner Report [r]: Influential report on medical school curricula in the USA (1910), which transformed it to one based on scientific preparation and formal education. [e]
  • Food and Drug Administration [r]: The agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, biological medical products, blood products, medical devices, radiation-emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics. [e]
  • Generic drug [r]: Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies. [e]
  • Heart rate [r]: The number of times the heart contracts per minute to pump blood around the body, usually expressed as beats per minute. [e]
  • Homeopathy [r]: System of alternative medicine involving administration of highly diluted substances with the intention to stimulate the body's natural healing processes, not considered proven by mainstream science. [e]
  • Hormone [r]: A chemical director of biological activity that travels through some portion of the body as a messenger. [e]
  • Indomethacin [r]: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic agent, used in arthritic disorders and degenerative joint disease, and to treat soft-tissue sports injuries. [e]
  • Materia Medica [r]: Collected study of therapeutic properties of any substance used in medicine, their origins, preparation, uses, and effects. [e]
  • Medication [r]: A licensed drug taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness or medical condition. [e]
  • Medicine [r]: The study of health and disease of the human body. [e]
  • Methadone [r]: Synthetic, relatively long-acting oral opioid analgesic, with actions similar to those of morphine and heroin. [e]
  • Naproxen [r]: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug commonly used for the reduction of moderate to severe pain, fever, inflammation and stiffness. [e]
  • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine [r]: Award conferred once a year since 1901 by the Swedish Karolinska Institute, for physiology or medicine. [e]
  • Paracelsus [r]: (1493-1541) An early Renaissance alchemist, philosopher and physician credited with founding the modern fields of pharmacology and toxicology. [e]
  • Pharmacy [r]: A area of heath science that uses principles of chemistry and biology to study the interaction of drugs with biological systems and optimize drug therapy. [e]
  • Phenothiazine [r]: Organic compound that occurs in various antipsychotic and antihistaminic drugs, used in the treatment of psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia. [e]
  • Physiology [r]: The study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of tissues and how they interact. [e]
  • Psychoneuroimmunology [r]: Study of the interactions between behavior, the brain, and the immune system. [e]
  • Psychotherapy [r]: An intervention or insight technique that relies on communication between a therapist and a client(s) to address specific forms of diagnosable mental illness, or everyday problems [e]
  • Rheumatoid arthritis [r]: A chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack the joints. [e]
  • Teicoplanin [r]: Glycopeptide antibiotic, similar to vancomycin, used in the treatment of serious Gram-positive infections. [e]
  • Tiotropium [r]: A long-acting, 24 hour, anticholinergic bronchodilator used in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). [e]
  • Tricyclic antidepressant [r]: Adrenergic uptake inhibitors used in the treatment of depression and other diseases; suppress postsynaptic catechol-O-methyl transferase, causing increases in synaptic norepinephrine and serotonin [e]