- Please sort and annotate in a user-friendly manner and consider archiving the URLs behind the links you provide. See also related web sources.
- 平成22年(2010) 人口動態統計の年間推計 '2010 Annual Population Demographic Statistics Estimate' - official population figures for 2001; in Japanese. The first three rows of the first table show number of births, number of deaths and overall population change (-123,000).
- Library of Congress, A Country Study: Japan (1994) - highly detailed factual report commissioned by the U.S. government; not copyright.