Health/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Health.
See also changes related to Health, or pages that link to Health or to this page or whose text contains "Health".

Parent topics

  • Developing Article Anatomy: The branch of morphology given to the study of the structure of members of the biological kingdom Animalia (animals). [e]
  • Developing Article Biologically based health practices: Methods in conventional medicine, complementary and alternative medicine and traditional medicine that share the characteristic that substances used in the practice come from plants or animals [e]
  • Stub Biophysics: The study of forces and energies in biological systems. [e]
  • Developing Article Circulatory system: Organ system that passes nutrients, gases, hormones, blood cells, nitrogen waste products, etc. to and from cells in the body. [e]
  • Stub Medical diagnosis: The process of combining observations, tests, and disciplined decision mechanisms to determine the cause(s) of a patient's distress [e]
  • Developing Article Neurology: The medical specialty concerned with evaluating the nervous system and the other system that it affects, and the treatment of nervous system disorders. [e]
  • Developed Article Organism: An individual living individual: a complex, adaptive physical system that acts a integrated unit that sustains metabolism and reproduces progeny that resemble it. [e]
  • Developing Article Pathology: The medical specialty that is expert in the use of laboratory methods to support clinicians in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis [e]


  • Developing Article Alcoholism: Chronic addiction to alcohol. [e]
  • Developing Article Autism: Developmental disability that results from a disorder of the human central nervous system. [e]
  • Developing Article Brain morphometry: The quantitative study of structures in the brain, their differences between individuals, correlations with brain function, and changes of these characteristics over time. [e]
  • Stub Disease: A condition of the body in which one or more of its components fail to operate properly, resulting in disability, pain or other forms of suffering, or behavioral aberrations. [e]
  • Stub Diagnostic error: Incorrect diagnoses after physical examination, medical history taking or technical diagnostic procedures. [e]
  • Diagnostic test: Test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of a disordered system; may be one of the many forms of medical diagnostic, diagnostic testing of software or machines, etc. [e]
  • Developing Article Diagnostic imaging: The ensemble of methods used to generate visual representations of objects of clinical interest. [e]
  • Developing Article Differential diagnosis: Determination of which two or more diseases with similar symptoms is the one from which a patient is suffering from based on an analysis of the clinical data. [e]
  • Etiological diagnosis: Add brief definition or description
  • Developing Article Healing arts: The health sciences, forms of complementary and alternative medicine, and traditional practices aimed at curing disease, healing injury and promoting wellness. [e]
  • Developing Article Human anatomy: The study of shapes and structures of and within the human body. [e]
  • Stub Infectious disease: In broad terms, diseases caused by living organisms; also a subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the treatment of such diseases [e]
  • Developing Article Integrative medicine: Organized health care that involves willing cooperation between mainstream and complementary medicine [e]
  • Developed Article Lipid: Group of organic compounds, including the fats, oils, waxes, sterols, and triglycerides, that are insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar organic solvents, and together with carbohydrates and proteins constitute the principal structural material of living cells. [e]
  • Developing Article Medical education: Learning process of being a medical practitioner, either the initial training to become a doctor or further training thereafter (including residency). [e]
  • External Article Medication: A licensed drug taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness or medical condition. [e]
  • Developed Article Medicine: The study of health and disease of the human body. [e]
  • Pathological diagnosis: Precise characterization of the manifestations of a disease, such as signs and laboratory test results, but not necessarily its etiology [e]
  • Stub Physical examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality. [e]
  • Problem-oriented medical diagnosis: Add brief definition or description
  • Stub Skin: Membranous protective tissue forming the external covering or integument of an animal and consisting in vertebrates of the epidermis and dermis, and capable of receiving external sensory stimuli. [e]
  • Stub Sleep: Naturally recurring state of relatively suspended sensory and motor activity in animals, characterized by total or partial unconsciousness. [e]
  • Developing Article Somatoform disorder: Psychological disorder characterized by physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause. [e]

Other related topics

  • Stub Alcohol: A chemical compound that contains a hydroxy group (OH). [e]
  • Developing Article Alternative medicine (theories): Overview of social, cultural and philosophical perspectives of concepts relating to human health and healing offering links to more detailed discussions [e]
  • Stub American Thoracic Society: Professional and scientific society of respiratory, critical care and sleep medicine. [e]
  • Developing Article Benjamin Rush: (1745 - 1813) American physician, educator, chemist, writer, and Founding Father who is known as the "Father of American Psychiatry." [e]
  • Stub Brain size: Umbrella term for various measures of how big a brain is. [e]
  • Developing Article Chips (food): Strips of skinless potato that are grilled, deep-fried or baked until their outsides are crisp and approaching golden brown in colour [e]
  • Stub Cortical thickness: The combined thickness of the cerebral cortex layers. [e]
  • Stub Cryonics: The low-temperature preservation of corpses in the vague hope that resuscitation may eventually become possible in the future. [e]
  • Developing Article Endocrinology: Generically, the study of glands and the hormonal regulation of physiology; also the subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with diseases of the endocrine system [e]
  • Developing Article Epidemiology: The branch of demography that studies patterns of disease in human or animal populations. [e]
  • Stub Faith healing: Use of faith and spirit to cure disease. [e]
  • Developing Article Farming with raw sewage: Use of human waste to fertilise and irrigate crops; particularly common where water is scarce. [e]
  • Developing Article Gyrification: The folding process during brain development, or the extent of folding. [e]
  • Developing Article Harvey Cushing: Surgical pioneer and father of modern neurosurgery; biographer of William Osler [e]
  • Stub Hatha Yoga Pradipika: Sanskrit text by Maharishi Swatmarama that explains Hatha Yoga. [e]
  • Health insurance: Add brief definition or description
  • Developing Article Health science: The helping professions that use applied science to improve health and to treat disease. [e]
  • Developing Article Hippocrates: (c. 460 – 370 BCE) A physician, who revolutionized the practice of medicine by transforming it from its mythical, superstitious, magical and supernatural roots to a science based on observation and reason. [e]
  • Developing Article Istituto Nazionale di Statistica: Add brief definition or description
  • Medicaid: Title 19 of the U.S. Social Security Act, adopted in 1965. Provides means-tested medical care for the poor. [e]
  • External Article Medicare: Title 18 of the U.S. Social Security Act. Provides medical and hospital care for the elderly and disabled. [e]
  • Developed Article Microorganism: A 'germ', an organism that is too small to be seen individually with the naked eye. [e]
  • National health insurance: Add brief definition or description
  • Developing Article Neuroimaging: A group of techniques used to visualize structure and function of nervous systems, especially the vertebrate brain. [e]
  • Developing Article Pharmacy: A area of heath science that uses principles of chemistry and biology to study the interaction of drugs with biological systems and optimize drug therapy. [e]
  • Stub Pharmacology: Study of the changes produced in living animals by chemical substances, especially the actions of therapeutics, substances used to treat disease. [e]
  • Developing Article Physical therapy: An allied health profession that concentrates on restoration of strength and motion through active and passive manipulations and motions [e]
  • Developing Article Pollutant: Any substance introduced into the environment that adversely affects the usefulness of a natural resource or the health of humans, animals, or ecosystems. [e]
  • Stub Polymicrogyria: A disorder in which the brain surface resembles that of a road paved with cobblestones. [e]
  • Developing Article Potassium in nutrition and human health: Role of dietary potassium and its associated bicarbonate-generating organic ions in human physiology and in preventive and therapeutic medicine. [e]
  • Stub Psychiatry: The subfield of health sciences concerned with mental disorders. [e]
  • Stub Ptolemy: (2nd century AD) Egyptian astronomer and geographer whose main work, the Almagest, a compendium of contemporary astronomical knowledge, was in use into the 15th century. [e]
  • Developing Article Radiology: A physician specialty with a core competence in obtaining and diagnosing by means of instruments that receive energy transmitted through the body; there are a number of subspecialties. [e]
  • Rehabilitation: Add brief definition or description
  • Rehabilitation medicine: Add brief definition or description
  • Stub Rheumatology: Medical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of connective tissue diseases; a subspecialty of internal medicine [e]
  • Stub Rudy Demotte: A Belgian socialist politician appointed Minister-President of Wallonia since July 19, 2007. [e]
  • Stub Ryuhei Kawada: (川田龍平 Kawada Ryuhei) independent Japanese politician who campaigns on health issues; was involved in legal action against the government and a pharmaceutical company over the 1980s 'tainted blood scandal' that led to his HIV infection (born 1976). [e]
  • Developing Article Schizophrenia: A mental disorder characterized by impaired perception of the individual's environment. [e]
  • Developing Article Surgery: Field of medicine that focuses on operative treatments of the body. [e]
  • External Article Sustainable development: Pattern of resource use that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for future generations. [e]
  • Developed Article Vegetarianism: A group of similar voluntary diets, loosely characterized by a reduction or elimination of animal products. [e]
  • Developing Article Vesalius: (1514 - 1564) Flemish physician who revolutionized the field of anatomy by laying the groundwork for a new, observation-based methodology, using dissections of human cadavers. [e]
  • Developing Article William Osler: physician, educator, medical philosopher, and historian from Canada, often called the Father of Modern Medicine. [e]