Economic Community of West African States

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The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), an regional organization active at the sub-continental level, is made up of: [1]

  1. Benin
  2. Burkina Faso
  3. Cape Verde
  4. Cote d'Ivoire
  5. Gambia
  6. Ghana
  7. Guinea
  8. Guinea Bissau
  9. Liberia
  10. Mali
  11. Niger
  12. Nigeria
  13. Senegal
  14. Sierra Leone
  15. Togo

Most were either French or British colonies, so the common languages of the region are French and English, with some Portuguese and Arabic. There are, of course, large numbers of indigenous languages.

Peace operations

These states also comprise the ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) is a non-standing peace operations force that has operated in civil war in Sierra Leone and is a model for future needs. [2]



  1. ECOWAS Member States, Economic Community of West African States
  2. Mitikishe Maxwell Khobe (February 2000), The Evolution and Conduct of ECOMOG Operations in West Africa, Institute for Security Studies (South Africa), Monograph No 44: Boundaries of Peace Support Operations