- Science fiction : A story-telling genre that presents alternatives to what is currently considered scientifically possible or that extrapolates from present-day knowledge.
- Alternate history : Add brief definition or description
- 1984 (novel) : Add brief definition or description
- Blade Runner : 1982 science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott and starring Harrison Ford, based on the 1968 Philip K. Dick novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
- Brave New World : Dystopic novel written by British author Aldous Huxley in 1931 describing a totalitarian society based on eugenics.
- Childhood's End : Add brief definition or description
- Farnham's Freehold : Add brief definition or description
- Harrison Bergeron : A short story about a dystopic future in which a government official, the Handicapper General, prevents anyone from using abilities superior to that of the human average
- If This Goes On : Add brief definition or description
- The Time Machine : An 1895 science-fiction novella by H.G. Wells in which a Time Traveller visits the far distant future and describes the human society of that day.
- When the Machine Stops : Add brief definition or description
- Atlas Shrugged : Novel by Ayn Rand.
- Fatherland (novel) : Add brief definition or description
- It Can't Happen Here : Add brief definition or description
- SS-GB : Add brief definition or description
- Deception : The act of deceiving or misleading, through the intentional concealing or misrepresentation of facts.
- Failed state : A nation or quasi-nation unable to deliver minimal governance services to its citizens; there may not even be a functioning government
- Moral panic : A condition, episode, person or group of persons emerges to become defined as a threat to societal values and interests; its nature is presented in a stylized and stereotypical fashion by the mass media; the moral barricades are manned by editors, bishops, politicians and other right-thinking people; socially accredited experts pronounce their diagnosis and solutions; ways of coping are revolved or (more often) resorted to. Stanley Cohen
- Newspeak : A fictional variant of the English language, from George Orwell's dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four.
- Civil society : The space for social activity outside the market, state and household; the arena of uncoerced collective action around shared interests, purposes and values.
- Utopia : The name of a fictional society created by Sir Thomas More as a satire on his own, European, society; by extension, it has come to represent all ideal societies, real or imagined.