Civil society/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Civil society.
See also changes related to Civil society, or pages that link to Civil society or to this page or whose text contains "Civil society".

Parent Topics


  • Developed Article Buddhist councils: Local, national, regional or international gatherings of Buddhist leaders to discuss matters of religious doctrine or tradition, comparable, in the view of some, to Christian councils, synods or ecumenical councils. [e]
  • Approved Article Caterpillar Club: An informal association whose members have successfully used a parachute to bail out of a disabled aircraft. [e]
  • Stub Civics: (1) Topics of, or pertaining to a city or to citizenship. (2) A primary or secondary school course or curriculum unit addressing such topics. [e]
  • Stub Citizen: A legally recognized member of a political or civil community. [e]
  • Stub Civic culture: Related political and social attitudes crucial to the success of modern democracies. [e]
  • Developing Article Civil law: A system of law which starts with abstract rules, which judges must then apply to the various cases before them. [e]
  • Civic engagement: Individual and group action to identify, advocate for or problem-solve issues of civil or political concern. [e]
  • Stub Civil society organization: An organization found in or characteristic of civil society. [e]
  • Commons: Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Commons (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
  • Stub Family: (1) Persons related by blood, marriage, adoption or guardianship, including individuals placed for foster care. (2) The social organization of a household or housekeeping unit using certain rooms and housekeeping facilities in common. See nuclear family and extended family [e]
  • Independent sector: (1) A sector (logical or empirical subset) of civil society independent of or autonomous from government. (2) A national umbrella organization of civil society organizations or nonprofit organizations in Washington DC. [e]
  • Market: A term used in commerce and economics to denote a conjunction of buyers and sellers. [e]
  • Developing Article Nonprofit organization: An organization that is institutionalized, private, separate from government, not profit distributing, self-governing and voluntary, according to Lester Salamon. [e]
  • Nonprofit sector: A sector or category of formal organizations, associations or corporations organized for purposes other than profit and governed by legal or ethical non-distribution constraints. Controversy continues over whether the nonprofit sector defines the third sector or civil society or is merely one of the component parts. [e]
  • Developing Article Nongovernmental organization: A term used in much of the world to describe third sector organizations in terms of their location outside of formal government. [e]
  • Nongoverment sector: A sector or category of organizations not part of government. [e]
  • Foundation: A tax-exempt corporation and certain trusts created for charitable purposes, according the the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. Foundations are generally prohibited from self-dealing with their donors and certain others, required to make annual distributions for charitable purposes, permitted to have only restricted holdings in private businesses, expected to be prudent in making investments that do not threaten their charitable purposes, and to assure that their expenditures are only for charitable purposes. Also known as private foundations. [e]
  • Approved Article Social capital: Productive assets arising out of social relations, such as trust, cooperation, solidarity, social networks of relations and those beliefs, ideologies and institutions that contribute to production of goods. [e]
  • Developing Article Social enterprise: Any organization or program that advances a social mission through entrepreneurial, earned income strategies; the category of social enterprise may, in specific uses, transcend more conventional profit/nonprofit and government/nongovernment distinctions. [e]
  • Stub Social movement: Contentious performances, public displays and advocacy campaigns by ordinary people to assert collective claims for attention, redress of grievances and change, and the voluntary associations, formal organizations and emergent institutions that coordinate and direct them. [e]
  • State: Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See State (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
  • Stub Third sector: A sector or category of organizations and associations operating outside of government or markets (and, thus, in a third place or space). [e]
  • Voluntary association: A term used in the Tocqueville tradition in political science and sociology to refer to associations characterized by uncoerced participation, in which participants are free to join and leave at will, and for whom participation may be independent of incentives or expectations of gain or personal profit. See voluntary organisation. [e]
  • Developing Article Voluntary organisation: British usage (and spelling) A voluntary organisation is a structured group of people who have come together of their own accord for a social rather than a commercial purpose. [e]
  • Voluntary organization: Add brief definition or description
  • Voluntary sector: Used in Great Britain to describe the set or category of organisations very close to those characterized in the U.S. as nonprofits. [e]
  • Zivilgesellschaft: (German) A literal translation of the English language "civil society"; albeit, with a number of distinct German connotations. [e]

Related topics

  • Developing Article Charity: From the Latin, caritas, the non-erotic love of others; modern connotations stress efforts to aid or help others. [e]
  • Stub Civil rights movement: In the narrow construction, the U.S. movement to end segregation, beginning with the student lunch-counter sit-ins in the 1950s and ending with the passage of the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1965. In broader construction, the ongoing human rights and liberation movements for full civil rights for African Americans and other racial, ethnic, religious, gender, ability, life-style and other minorities. One of the characteristics of this latter sense is widespread disagreement on what to include in the movement (or exclude from it). [e]
  • Stub Community: Generally, a group of organisms sharing an environment. In human communities the shared environment may be defined by mutual interests, pooled resources, common beliefs, shared pursuits, perceived needs, or other common traits or characteristics, and may be associated with a shared identity which in the case of physical communities may include a sense of place. [e]
  • Stub Education: Learning, teaching, research and scholarship activities for the purpose of organizing, presenting and acquiring knowledge, skills or social norms. [e]
  • Developing Article First Great Awakening: The First Great Awakening was a religious revitalization movement that swept the American colonies in the 1730s and 1740s; there was a de-emphasis on ritual and ceremony and religion became intensely personal. [e]
  • Developing Article Fourth Great Awakening: A religious awakening that some scholars (notably economic historian Robert Fogel) argue took place in the United States during the 1960s and 1970s. [e]
  • Organization: Add brief definition or description
  • Developing Article Philanthropy: Action for the love (or good) of humankind; can refer narrowly to fundraising or broadly to "private action for the public good". [e]
  • Developed Article Progressive Era: The period of political, administrative and social reform that began in the 1890s and ended after World War I. [e]
  • Developed Article Religion: Belief in, and systems of, worshipful dedication to a superhuman power or belief in the ultimate nature of existence. [e]
  • Developing Article Science: The organized body of knowledge based on non–trivial refutable concepts that can be verified or rejected on the base of observation and experimentation [e]
  • Developing Article Second Great Awakening: (1800–1830s): the second great religious revival in American history and consisted of renewed personal salvation experienced in revival meetings combined with dramatically increased interest in philanthropic projects. [e]
  • Social economy: A term long associated with European labor and leftist organizations and connotations of democratic forms of economic organization. Currently used in Canada, Europe and the United Nations to refer to a category similar to, but somewhat broader than, the U.S. conception of a nonprofit sector. Usually included in the social economy are associations, cooperatives, foundations and mutuals. [e]
  • Stub Social policy: A broad category of public, private and third sector laws, rules and procedures directed at what in the 19th century was known as "the social problem": income maintenance of the aged and poor, education (including job training), health care, personal care of designated populations at high risk of dependency (e.g., aged, mentally ill, mentally retarded, disabled) and related issues. [e]
  • Stub Social reform: The broad middle range of intentional social change efforts between passive or uncritical acceptance of the institutions and practices of a society and revolution directed at completely overturning them. [e]
  • Developed Article Third Great Awakening: The Third Great Awakening was a period of increased pietism and social activism in the last half of the 19th century; associated with the Social Gospel, Settlement House, and Charity Organization movements. [e]
  • Voluntary Association: Add brief definition or description