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- Adenorhinos : A monotypic genus created for A. barbouri, a venomous viper species found only in Tanzania.
- Atheris anisolepis : Venomous viper of west central Africa (Gabon, Congo, and Angola).
- Atheris ceratophora : Venomous viper species limited to Tanzanian mountain ranges. The only horned, arboreal viper in Africa.
- Atheris chlorechis : Venomous bush viper species found only in West African forests.
- Atheris desaixi : Venomous viper species endemic to Kenya, with two isolated populations, with striking black and yellow coloration.
- Atheris hispida : Venomous viper found in Central Africa with extremely keeled scales and an almost bristly appearance.
- Atheris katangensis : Venomous bush viper endemic to Congo; smallest member (< 40 cm) of genus Atheris.
- Atheris nitschei rungweensis : African venomous viper subspecies found in Tanzania, Zambia and Malawi.
- Atheris nitschei : Venomous bush viper found from Uganda and DR Congo in the north to northern Malawi in the south.
- Atheris squamigera : Venomous viper species found in west and central Africa.
- Proatheris : Monotypic genus created for a venomous viper species, P. superciliaris, found in Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique.
- Viperinae : (Pitless vipers, true vipers, Old World vipers); a subfamily of venomous vipers found in Europe, Asia and Africa, distinguished by their lack of the heat-sensing pit organs that characterize their sister group, the Crotalinae.