From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Alfred Nobel : (October 21, 1833, Stockholm, Sweden – December 10, 1896, Sanremo, Italy) A Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, armaments manufacturer and the inventor of dynamite.
- Alzheimer's disease : A degenerative disease of the brain characterized by the insidious onset of dementia; manifests itself in impairment of memory, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills, followed by severe apraxias and a global loss of cognitive abilities.
- Anatoly Marchenko : Add brief definition or description
- Aspirin : Common analgesic used for treating mild to moderate pain; protective against blood clots and heart disease when administered indefinitely in low doses
- Ataxia : Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements.
- Atherosclerosis : Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of medium and large muscular arteries with lesions in the innermost layer.
- Atorvastatin : Sold as Lipitor®, a type II statin used to treat high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia),
- Atrial fibrillation : Condition where there is disorganised electrical conduction in the atria, resulting in ineffective pumping of blood into the ventricle.
- Bacterial endocarditis : Inflammation of the heart caused by the direct invasion of bacteria and leading to deformity and destruction of the valve leaflets.
- Brain : The core unit of a central nervous system.
- Brett Favre : Famed quarterback for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League.
- CHADS2 : A scoring system for patients with atrial fibrillation which attempts to determine their risk of stroke.
- Carotid endarterectomy : Excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery.
- Cerivastatin : A type II statin formerly used to treat high cholesterol levels (hypercholesterolemia).
- Charles Dickens : (1812-70) English novelist and social critic; wrote the semi-autobiographical David Copperfield.
- Chiropractic : A complementary, alternative health-care profession that aims to heal using manual therapies on the spine and extremities.
- Cholesterol : Principal sterol of all higher animals.
- Clopidogrel : A platelet aggregation inhibitor used to prevent cardiac events
- Coagulation : The process of the interaction of blood coagulation factors that results in an insoluble fibrin clot.
- Contraception (medical methods) : Medications and medical devices used to prevent pregnancy in sexually active couples.
- Coronary heart disease : Disease of the heart that involves narrowing of the coronary arteries.
- Dementia : Progressive decline in two or more cognitive domains that is severe enough to interfere with the performance of everyday activities.
- Diabetes mellitus : Relative or absolute lack of insulin leading to uncontrolled carbohydrate metabolism.
- Digital object identifier : Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals.
- Erythropoietin : A protein hormone produced by the kidneys in response to hypoxia; it is essential for normal development and maturation of red blood cells (RBC).
- Fluvastatin : Fluorophenyl-based statin, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, for reduction of cholesterol, triglycerides and apo B.
- Geriatrics : "the branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility."(National Library of Medicine)
- History of neuroimaging : The development of techniques allowing to visualize brain structure and function.
- Homocysteine : A thiol-containing amino acid formed by a demethylation of methionine.
- Homocystinuria : Hereditary disease characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme serine dehydratase, causing genetic defects.
- Hypoalphalipoproteinemia : High-density lipoprotein deficiency, inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, and associated with LDL receptors.
- Infant growth and development : Normal growth and development of infants measured within a set of height, weight, head circumference and other physical parameters, comparative to age.
- Jacob Pavlovich Adler : International star of Yiddish theater in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- Joe Louis : (1914 – 1981) Regarded as one of the greatest heavyweight boxers off all-time: in a single, unbroken championship reign of 11 years and 8 months, he defended his heavyweight title 25 times.
- Kroger Babb : (30 December 1906 – 28 January 1980) American film and television producer and showman, whose marketing techniques were similar to a travelling salesman's, from the medicine-show tradition.
- Multiple sclerosis : A chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS).
- Neurology : The medical specialty concerned with evaluating the nervous system and the other system that it affects, and the treatment of nervous system disorders.
- Occupational therapy : A rehabilitative service that aims to make people as independent as possible, focused on training in, and assistive devices for, activities of daily living
- Preoperative care : Preparation and management of a patient prior to surgery.
- Rosuvastatin : A type II statin, marketed as Crestor®, used to treat high cholesterol levels.
- Sildenafil : Selective PDE-5 inhibitor used to treat erectile dysfunction (Viagra®) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (Ravatio®).
- Sleep : Naturally recurring state of relatively suspended sensory and motor activity in animals, characterized by total or partial unconsciousness.
- Stent : Slender thread, rod, or catheter inserted into a tubular structure, such as a blood vessel, to provide support during or after anastomosis.
- Surgery : Field of medicine that focuses on operative treatments of the body.
- Tadalafil : Drug (Cialis) used to treat erectile dysfunction. It is a selective phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor.
- Thelonious Monk : (10 October 1917 – 17 February 1982) American jazz pianist and composer who had a unique improvisational style and made numerous contributions to the standard jazz repertoire.
- Transient ischemic attack : Temporary blockage of the blood supply to the brain caused by a blood clot and usually lasting ten minutes or less, during which dizziness, blurring of vision, numbness on one side of the body, and neurologic dysfunction is experienced.
- Transient neurological attack : Multiple, acute disturbances involving changes to visual perception, lack of muscle strength, and amnesia.
- Tremor : Cyclical movement of a body part that can represent either a physiologic process or a manifestation of disease.
- Vardenafil : A selective phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor drug (Levitra®) used to treat erectile dysfunction.
- Vascular disease : Pathological processes involving any of the blood vessels in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of arteries; veins; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.