Stroke/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Stroke.
See also changes related to Stroke, or pages that link to Stroke or to this page or whose text contains "Stroke".

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  • Alfred Nobel [r]: (October 21, 1833, Stockholm, Sweden – December 10, 1896, Sanremo, Italy) A Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, armaments manufacturer and the inventor of dynamite. [e]
  • Alzheimer's disease [r]: A degenerative disease of the brain characterized by the insidious onset of dementia; manifests itself in impairment of memory, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills, followed by severe apraxias and a global loss of cognitive abilities. [e]
  • Anatoly Marchenko [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Aspirin [r]: Common analgesic used for treating mild to moderate pain; protective against blood clots and heart disease when administered indefinitely in low doses [e]
  • Ataxia [r]: Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements. [e]
  • Atherosclerosis [r]: Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of medium and large muscular arteries with lesions in the innermost layer. [e]
  • Atorvastatin [r]: Sold as Lipitor®, a type II statin used to treat high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia), [e]
  • Atrial fibrillation [r]: Condition where there is disorganised electrical conduction in the atria, resulting in ineffective pumping of blood into the ventricle. [e]
  • Bacterial endocarditis [r]: Inflammation of the heart caused by the direct invasion of bacteria and leading to deformity and destruction of the valve leaflets. [e]
  • Brain [r]: The core unit of a central nervous system. [e]
  • Brett Favre [r]: Famed quarterback for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League. [e]
  • CHADS2 [r]: A scoring system for patients with atrial fibrillation which attempts to determine their risk of stroke. [e]
  • Carotid endarterectomy [r]: Excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery. [e]
  • Cerivastatin [r]: A type II statin formerly used to treat high cholesterol levels (hypercholesterolemia). [e]
  • Charles Dickens [r]: (1812-70) English novelist and social critic; wrote the semi-autobiographical David Copperfield. [e]
  • Chiropractic [r]: A complementary, alternative health-care profession that aims to heal using manual therapies on the spine and extremities. [e]
  • Cholesterol [r]: Principal sterol of all higher animals. [e]
  • Clopidogrel [r]: A platelet aggregation inhibitor used to prevent cardiac events [e]
  • Coagulation [r]: The process of the interaction of blood coagulation factors that results in an insoluble fibrin clot. [e]
  • Contraception (medical methods) [r]: Medications and medical devices used to prevent pregnancy in sexually active couples. [e]
  • Coronary heart disease [r]: Disease of the heart that involves narrowing of the coronary arteries. [e]
  • Dementia [r]: Progressive decline in two or more cognitive domains that is severe enough to interfere with the performance of everyday activities. [e]
  • Diabetes mellitus [r]: Relative or absolute lack of insulin leading to uncontrolled carbohydrate metabolism. [e]
  • Digital object identifier [r]: Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals. [e]
  • Erythropoietin [r]: A protein hormone produced by the kidneys in response to hypoxia; it is essential for normal development and maturation of red blood cells (RBC). [e]
  • Fluvastatin [r]: Fluorophenyl-based statin, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, for reduction of cholesterol, triglycerides and apo B. [e]
  • Geriatrics [r]: "the branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility."(National Library of Medicine) [e]
  • History of neuroimaging [r]: The development of techniques allowing to visualize brain structure and function. [e]
  • Homocysteine [r]: A thiol-containing amino acid formed by a demethylation of methionine. [e]
  • Homocystinuria [r]: Hereditary disease characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme serine dehydratase, causing genetic defects. [e]
  • Hypoalphalipoproteinemia [r]: High-density lipoprotein deficiency, inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, and associated with LDL receptors. [e]
  • Infant growth and development [r]: Normal growth and development of infants measured within a set of height, weight, head circumference and other physical parameters, comparative to age. [e]
  • Jacob Pavlovich Adler [r]: International star of Yiddish theater in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. [e]
  • Joe Louis [r]: (1914 – 1981) Regarded as one of the greatest heavyweight boxers off all-time: in a single, unbroken championship reign of 11 years and 8 months, he defended his heavyweight title 25 times. [e]
  • Kroger Babb [r]: (30 December 1906 – 28 January 1980) American film and television producer and showman, whose marketing techniques were similar to a travelling salesman's, from the medicine-show tradition. [e]
  • Multiple sclerosis [r]: A chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). [e]
  • Neurology [r]: The medical specialty concerned with evaluating the nervous system and the other system that it affects, and the treatment of nervous system disorders. [e]
  • Occupational therapy [r]: A rehabilitative service that aims to make people as independent as possible, focused on training in, and assistive devices for, activities of daily living [e]
  • Preoperative care [r]: Preparation and management of a patient prior to surgery. [e]
  • Rosuvastatin [r]: A type II statin, marketed as Crestor®, used to treat high cholesterol levels. [e]
  • Sildenafil [r]: Selective PDE-5 inhibitor used to treat erectile dysfunction (Viagra®) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (Ravatio®). [e]
  • Sleep [r]: Naturally recurring state of relatively suspended sensory and motor activity in animals, characterized by total or partial unconsciousness. [e]
  • Stent [r]: Slender thread, rod, or catheter inserted into a tubular structure, such as a blood vessel, to provide support during or after anastomosis. [e]
  • Surgery [r]: Field of medicine that focuses on operative treatments of the body. [e]
  • Tadalafil [r]: Drug (Cialis) used to treat erectile dysfunction. It is a selective phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor. [e]
  • Thelonious Monk [r]: (10 October 1917 – 17 February 1982) American jazz pianist and composer who had a unique improvisational style and made numerous contributions to the standard jazz repertoire. [e]
  • Transient ischemic attack [r]: Temporary blockage of the blood supply to the brain caused by a blood clot and usually lasting ten minutes or less, during which dizziness, blurring of vision, numbness on one side of the body, and neurologic dysfunction is experienced. [e]
  • Transient neurological attack [r]: Multiple, acute disturbances involving changes to visual perception, lack of muscle strength, and amnesia. [e]
  • Tremor [r]: Cyclical movement of a body part that can represent either a physiologic process or a manifestation of disease. [e]
  • Vardenafil [r]: A selective phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor drug (Levitra®) used to treat erectile dysfunction. [e]
  • Vascular disease [r]: Pathological processes involving any of the blood vessels in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of arteries; veins; and rest of the vasculature system in the body. [e]