History of geography/Related Articles
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- Alexander the Great : King of Macedon who conquered the Persian Empire in the late 4th century BCE.
- Ancient Greece : The loose collection of Greek-speaking city-states centered on the Aegean Sea which flourished from the end of the Mycenaean age to the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC.
- Arab : People who identify with or recognise heritage from areas of the Middle East and North Africa on linguistic, cultural, ethnic or religious grounds.
- Atmosphere : The layers of gas surrounding stars and planets.
- Augustus : Founder of the Roman Empire; first emperor.
- Environmental determinism : The doctrine that human activities are controlled by the environment.
- Geographic information system : Utility to handle spatial data that incorporates encoding, management, analysis and output.
- Geography : Study of the surface of the Earth and the activities of humanity upon it.
- Herodotus : (c. 484 BC - c. 430 BC) Greek historian, author of the Histories (historiai, 'inquiries'), called 'The Father of History,' as he was among the first to approach the reporting of history in a logical and skeptical way.
- Human geography : The branch of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes that shape human interaction with the environment.
- Ibn Khaldun : (1332 - 1406) An Arab writer from North Africa noted for his philosophy of history, whose works were rediscovered in the 19th century and translated into western languages.
- Immanuel Kant : (1724–1804) German idealist and Enlightenment philosopher who tried to transcend empiricism and rationalism in the Critique of Pure Reason.
- Paris : Capital of France, population about 2,200,000.
- Postmodernism : A broad collection of critical theories, political attitudes and literary and artistic practices that react to what postmodernists feel to be a modernist culture - one defined by belief in scientific knowledge, moral authority, historical progress and a foundationalist view of language and the self.
- Ptolemy : (2nd century AD) Egyptian astronomer and geographer whose main work, the Almagest, a compendium of contemporary astronomical knowledge, was in use into the 15th century.
- Sputnik : Series of robotic spacecraft missions launched by the Soviet Union, the first of these, Sputnik 1, launched the first human-made object to orbit the Earth, which took place on 4 October 1957.