From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Acute kidney injury : Formerly termed acute renal failure (ARF), an abrupt (within 48 hours) reduction in kidney function currently defined as an absolute increase in serum creatinine, a percentage increase in serum creatinine , or a reduction in urine output beyond quantitatively defined levels
- Angioedema : Allergic skin reaction causing localized redness, swelling, and itching.
- Ascites : Accumulation of serous fluids in the space between the tissues and organs of the abdominal cavity.
- Brain : The core unit of a central nervous system.
- Cryobiology : The study of living organisms, organs, biological tissues or biological cells at low temperatures.
- Deep venous thrombosis : The formation of a blood clot ("thrombus") in a deep vein.
- Histamine : A biogenic amine involved in local immune responses as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter.
- Lymphedema : edema due to obstruction of lymph vessels or disorders of the lymph nodes.
- Multiple sclerosis : A chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS).
- Physical examination : Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
- Radiocontrast : Compounds used to improve the visibility of internal bodily structures in an X-ray image.
- Respiratory emergencies : Medically established procedures for assessment and management of potentially life-threatening conditions involving the respiratory system, with appropriate anatomical, physiological, and pathological context
- Salt and health : Article describing health effects of salt (sodium chloride) in the diet, giving governments' recommendations for consumption.
- Snakebite : Wound resulting from penetration of the flesh by the fangs or teeth of a snake.
- Spironolactone : A steroid derivative and antiandrogen, that blocks the action of aldosterone, and used as a diuretic primarily in the treatment of hypertension.
- Streptococcus pyogenes : Spherical Gram-positive pathogenic bacterium that grows in long chains and is the cause of Group A streptococcal infections, and fatal septicemias.
- Torture : The infliction of mental or physical pain, for punishment or as an interrogation technique.
- Tumour : Abnormal growth of tissue resulting from uncontrolled, progressive multiplication of cells and serving no physiological function.
- Venous stasis ulcer : Wounds that are thought to occur due to improper functioning of valves in the veins usually of the legs.