From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Amino acid : Biochemical with an amino group, a carboxyl group, a hydrogen atom, and a side chain bonded to a central carbon.
- Central nervous system : The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.
- Connexon : Assembly of 6 proteins called connexins that forms a bridge called a gap junction between the cytoplasm of two adjacent cells.
- Electrical synapse : Anatomically specialized junction between two nerve cells at which an electrical current flows directly from one cell into the other.
- Gene : The functional unit of heredity.
- Human : Bipedal mammalian species native to most continents and sharing a common ape ancestor with chimpanzees, gorillas and orang-utans; notable for evolving language and adapting its habitat to its own needs.
- Innexin : Member of a class of proteins which is used to create gap junctions in invertebrates.
- Intron : Non-coding sequence of nucleic acid that is between the expressed sequences (exons) in a gene.
- Pannexin : Member of a vertebrate family of proteins homologous to the invertebrate innexins, present to form channels that allow release of ATP in erythrocytes and taste receptor cells.
- Protein : A polymer of amino acids; basic building block of living systems.
- Red blood cells : Also called erythrocytes; a type of disc-shaped blood cell that contain hemoglobin, and the body's principal means of delivering oxygen to the body's cells via the blood, and the removal of carbon dioxide wastes that result from metabolism.