Central nervous system/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Central nervous system.
See also changes related to Central nervous system, or pages that link to Central nervous system or to this page or whose text contains "Central nervous system".

Parent topics

Subtopics

Other related topics

  • Peripheral nervous system [r]: The part of the nervous system consisting of the nerves and neurons that reside or extend outside the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) to serve the limbs and organs. [e]
  • Medicine [r]: The study of health and disease of the human body. [e]
  • Neurology [r]: The medical specialty concerned with evaluating the nervous system and the other system that it affects, and the treatment of nervous system disorders. [e]
  • Psychiatry [r]: The subfield of health sciences concerned with mental disorders. [e]
  • Acetaminophen [r]: An analgesic antipyretic drug widely used for the treatment of headaches, fever and other minor aches and pains; has no antiinflammatory activity [e]
  • Acetylcholinesterase [r]: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of acetylcholine to choline and acetate, causing muscles, ennervated by cholinergic receptors, to relax [e]
  • Acetylcholine [r]: A chemical transmitter in both the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) in many organisms including humans. [e]
  • Aminoglycoside [r]: Antibiotics class that contain an amino sugar and amino- or guanido-substituted inositol rings attached to hexose. [e]
  • Amphetamine [r]: A synthetic central nervous system stimulant which is used, today, to treat limited medical disorders. [e]
  • Angiotensin [r]: Oligopeptides which are important in the regulation of blood pressure (vasoconstriction) and fluid homeostasis via the renin-angiotensin system. These include angiotensins derived naturally from precursor angiotensinogen, and those synthesized. [e]
  • Antidepressant [r]: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. [e]
  • Anxiety [r]: A physiological state marked by demonstrable changes in cognitive, somatic, emotional, and behavioral components. [e]
  • Arrhythmia [r]: Any variation from the normal rhythm or rate of the heart beat. [e]
  • Ataxia [r]: Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements. [e]
  • Atenolol [r]: A cardioselective adrenergic beta-antagonist medication for hypertension and angina pectoris. [e]
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [r]: Behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. [e]
  • Autism [r]: Developmental disability that results from a disorder of the human central nervous system. [e]
  • Brain development [r]: The build-up of the brain from ectodermal cells to a complex structure of neurons, glia and blood vessels. [e]
  • Brain evolution [r]: The process by which the central nervous system changed over many generations. [e]
  • Brain morphometry [r]: The quantitative study of structures in the brain, their differences between individuals, correlations with brain function, and changes of these characteristics over time. [e]
  • Child-Pugh Score [r]: Tool that correlates closely to morbidity and mortality in patients with liver disease. [e]
  • Circulatory system [r]: Organ system that passes nutrients, gases, hormones, blood cells, nitrogen waste products, etc. to and from cells in the body. [e]
  • Connexin [r]: Family of structurally-related transmembrane proteins that assemble to form vertebrate gap junctions. [e]
  • Decerebrate rigidity [r]: Extensor reflexes are exaggerated leading to rigid extension of the limbs. [e]
  • Decorticate rigidity [r]: Flexion of the elbows and wrists with extension of the legs and feet. [e]
  • Delusion [r]: A belief with no basis in reality, or shared with a person's culture, that persists despite evidence to the contrary. [e]
  • Depression [r]: Please do not use this term in your topic list, because there is no single article for it. Please substitute a more precise term. See Depression (disambiguation) for a list of available, more precise, topics. Please add a new usage if needed.
  • Franz Joseph Gall [r]: (1758 -1828) Notorious neuroscientist who founded the pseudoscience of phrenology. [e]
  • Haloperidol [r]: Dopamine antagonist mainly used to treat schizophrenia and some other psychoses [e]
  • Headache [r]: Continuous pain perceived as being in the cranium. [e]
  • Hepatic encephalopathy [r]: Medical syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction associated with liver failure. [e]
  • Histamine antagonist [r]: A member of a class of drug that binds to cell surface receptors for histamine1, histamine2, and histamine3 receptors, preventing them from activating. The receptor types have a variety of functions; histamine1 activities include allergic reactions and nausea, histamine2 reduce gastric acid secretion and relax smooth muscle, and histamine3, still in research, have central nervous system effects. "Antihistamines" are most often histamine1 blockers. [e]
  • Histamine [r]: A biogenic amine involved in local immune responses as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter. [e]
  • Human spine [r]: The part of the human body which is composed of the nerves of the spinal cord and its protective covering; the vertebral column or backbone. [e]
  • Hypothalamus [r]: A part of the mammalian brain located below the thalamus, forming the major portion of the ventral region of the diencephalon. [e]
  • Infant colic [r]: A medical term for persistent and inconsolable crying by healthy infants, who are usually between the ages of two and sixteen weeks. [e]
  • Infection [r]: Invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, especially that causing local cellular injury due to competitive metabolism, toxins, intracellular replication or antigen–antibody response. [e]
  • Japanese encephalitis virus [r]: Human viral infection epidemic in Japan, transmitted by the common house mosquito (Culex pipiens) and characterized by severe inflammation of the brain. [e]
  • Medication [r]: A licensed drug taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness or medical condition. [e]
  • Metabolism [r]: The modification of chemical substances by living organisms. [e]
  • Methamphetamine [r]: A psychostimulant and sympathomimetic drug, which enters the brain and triggers a cascading release of dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine. [e]
  • Myelin [r]: The proteinaceous material constituting most of the insulating sheath that surrounds the axons of nerve cells. [e]
  • Neuroimaging [r]: A group of techniques used to visualize structure and function of nervous systems, especially the vertebrate brain. [e]
  • Neurology [r]: The medical specialty concerned with evaluating the nervous system and the other system that it affects, and the treatment of nervous system disorders. [e]
  • Neuropathic pain [r]: Chronic pain state that is usually accompanied by tissue injury, with damaged, dysfunctional or injured nerve fibers. [e]
  • Oxytocin [r]: A mammalian hormone that is secreted into the bloodstream from the posterior pituitary gland, and which is also released into the brain where it has effects on social behaviors. [e]
  • Pain physiology [r]: Science of the functions and phenomena of tissue-damaging or potentially tissue-damaging stimulus. [e]
  • Pannexin [r]: Member of a vertebrate family of proteins homologous to the invertebrate innexins, present to form channels that allow release of ATP in erythrocytes and taste receptor cells. [e]
  • Prolactin [r]: Hormone secreted from lactotroph cells of the anterior pituitary gland with an essential role in lactation. [e]
  • Sedative [r]: An agent that decreases functional activity, diminishes irritability, and allays excitement. [e]
  • Serotonin syndrome [r]: Potentially fatal drug interaction caused by combining drugs that raise the level of serotonin in the patient's nervous system to dangerously high levels. [e]
  • Stroke [r]: A sudden loss of brain function due to interrupted blood supply. [e]
  • Synapse [r]: Contact point between neurons and other cells, crucial for nerve signalling [e]
  • Trypanosoma brucei [r]: Parasitic obligate protist species, with three subspecies, that causes African trypanosomiasis (or sleeping sickness) in humans and nagana in animals in Africa. [e]
  • Venereal disease [r]: Infections spread through sexual contact. [e]