22nd United States Congress

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United States Capitol

The Twenty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1831 to March 3, 1833, during the last two years of the first administration of U.S. President Andrew Jackson.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Jacksonian or Democratic majority.

Dates of sessions

March 4, 1831 - March 3, 1833

  • First session: December 5, 1831 - July 16, 1832.
  • Second session: December 3, 1832 - March 2, 1833.
  • Previous congress: 21st Congress
  • Next congress: 23rd Congress

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate
House of Representatives

Leadership

Senate
House of Representatives

Major events

Events of 1831, 1832 & 1833

Major legislation

List of United States federal legislation in the 22nd Congress

Membership highlights by chamber

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1832; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1834; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

Alabama
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Alabama
Connecticut [1]
Delaware
Georgia [2]
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland [3]
Massachusetts
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire [4]
New Jersey [5]
New York [6]
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania [7]
Rhode Island [8]
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia

Delegates

Arkansas Territory
Florida Territory
Michigan Territory

Membership detail by state

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1832; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1834; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

The list below is arranged by state, then by chamber. Senators are shown in order of seniority, House members in district order.

Alabama

Senate
House of Representatives (3 seats)

Connecticut

Senate
House of Representatives (6 seats) [9]

Delaware

Senate
House of Representatives (1 seat)

Georgia

Senate
House of Representatives (7 seats) [10]

Illinois

Senate
House of Representatives (1 seat)

Indiana

Senate
House of Representatives (3 seats)

Kentucky

Senate
House of Representatives (12 seats)

Louisiana

Senate
House of Representatives (3 seats)

Maine

Senate
House of Representatives (7 seats)

Maryland

Senate
House of Representatives (9 seats) [11]

Massachusetts

Senate
House of Representatives (13 seats)

Mississippi

Senate
House of Representatives (1 seat)

Missouri

Senate
House of Representatives (1 seat)

New Hampshire

Senate
House of Representatives (6 seats) [12]

New Jersey

Senate
House of Representatives (6 seats) [13]

New York

Senate
House of Representatives (34 seats) [14]

North Carolina

Senate
House of Representatives (13 seats)

Ohio

Senate
House of Representatives (14 seats)

Pennsylvania

Senate
House of Representatives (26 seats) [15]

Rhode Island

Senate
House of Representatives (2 seats) [16]

South Carolina

Senate
House of Representatives (9 seats)

Tennessee

Senate
House of Representatives (9 seats)

Vermont

Senate
House of Representatives (5 seats)

Virginia

Senate
House of Representatives (22 seats)

Delegates

Arkansas Territory
Florida Territory
Michigan Territory


Membership detail by Chamber/Party

The list below is arranged by chamber, then by political party. Members are shown in alphabetical order.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress.

Democratic
A-F
G-L
M-R
S-Z
National Republican
A-F
G-L
M-R
S-Z
Nullifier

House of Representatives

Members of the House of Representatives were elected by popular vote, variously to single member districts or at-large.

Democratic
A-B-C
D-E-F
G-H-I
J-K-L
M-N-O
P-Q-R
S-T-U-V
W-X-Y-Z
National Republican
A-B-C
D-E-F
G-H-I
J-K-L
M-N-O
P-Q-R
S-T-U-V
W-X-Y-Z
Anti-Masonic
A-L
M-Z

Nullifier

Membership Changes

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate
  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 0
  • resignations: 7
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 9
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 5
  • deaths: 7
  • resignations: 2
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 9

Senate

State Outgoing Senator Reason for Change Successor Successor's selection
Indiana
class 1
vacant Vacancy
Vacancy from preceding Congress
Robert Hanna
Republican
appointed
August 19, 1831.
Indiana
class 1
Robert Hanna
Republican
Interim appointment
John Tipton was elected to fill seat of Senator Robert Hanna.
John Tipton
Democratic
elected
January 4, 1832.
Kentucky
class 3
vacant Vacancy
Vacancy from preceding Congress
Henry Clay
Republican
elected
November 10, 1831.
Louisiana
class 2
Edward Livingston
Democratic
Resignation
Senator Edward Livingston resigned May 24, 1831.
George A. Waggaman
Republican
elected
November 15, 1831.
Mississippi
class 1
Powhatan Ellis
Democratic
Resignation
Senator Powhatan Ellis resigned July 16, 1832.
John Black
Democratic
appointed
November 12, 1832, subsequently elected.
New York
class 3
William L. Marcy
Democratic
Resignation
Senator William L. Marcy resigned January 1, 1833.
Silas Wright, Jr.
Democratic
elected
January 4, 1833.
Pennsylvania
class 1
Isaac D. Barnard
Democratic
Resignation
Senator Isaac D. Barnard resigned December 6, 1831.
George M. Dallas
Democratic
elected
December 13, 1831.
South Carolina
class 2
Robert Y. Hayne
Nullifier
Resignation
Senator Robert Y. Hayne resigned March 9, 1829.
John C. Calhoun
Nullifier
elected
December 29, 1832.
South Carolina
class 3
Stephen D. Miller
Nullifier
Resignation
Senator Stephen D. Miller resigned March 2, 1833.
vacant not filled in this Congress
Virginia
class 2
Littleton W. Tazewell
Democratic
Resignation
Senator John Branch resigned July 16, 1832.
William C. Rives
Democratic
elected
December 10, 1832.

House of Representatives

State Outgoing Representative Reason for Change Successor Successor's selection
Georgia
3rd at large
Wilson Lumpkin
Democratic
Resignation
Senator Wilson Lumpkin resigned in 1831, before Congress assembled.
Augustin S. Clayton
Democratic
seated
January 21, 1832.
Maryland
6th
George E. Mitchell
Democratic
Death
Representative George E. Mitchell died August 28, 1831, before Congress assembled.
Charles S. Sewall
Democratic
seated
December 3, 1832.
Missouri
at large
Spencer D. Pettis
Republican
Death
Representative Spencer D. Pettis died April 17, 1830.
William H. Ashley
Republican
seated
December 5, 1831.
North Carolina
6th
Robert Potter
Democratic
Resignation
Representative Robert Potter resigned November 1831, before Congress assembled.
Micajah T. Hawkins
Democratic
seated
January 6, 1832.
Pennsylvania
11th
William Ramsey
Democratic
Death
Representative William Ramsey died April 17, 1830.
Robert McCoy
Democratic
seated
December 5, 1831.
Vermont
1st
Jonathan Hunt
Republican
Death
Representative Jonathan Hunt died May 14, 1832.
Hiland Hall
Republican
seated
January 21, 1833.
Vermont
2nd
Rollin C. Mallary
Republican
Death
Representative Rollin C. Mallary died April 16, 1831, before Congress assembled.
William Slade
Anti-Masonic
seated
December 5, 1831.
Virginia
18th
Philip Doddridge
Republican
Death
Representative Philip Doddridge died November 19, 1832.
Joseph Johnson
Democratic
seated
January 21, 1833.
Virginia
22nd
Charles C. Johnston
Democratic
Death
Representative Charles C. Johnston died June 17, 1832.
Joseph Draper
Democratic
seated
December 12, 1832.

Officers

Senate
House of Representatives

Notes

  1. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  2. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  3. The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.
  4. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  5. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  6. There were three plural districts, the 20th & 26th had two representatives each, the 3rd had three representatives.
  7. There were six plural districts, the 7th, 8th, 11th & 16th had two representatives each, the 4th & 9th had three representatives each.
  8. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  9. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  10. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  11. The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.
  12. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  13. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  14. There were three plural districts, the 20th & 26th had two representatives each, the 3rd had three representatives.
  15. There were six plural districts, the 7th, 8th, 11th & 16th had two representatives each, the 4th & 9th had three representatives each.
  16. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.