Streptococcus pneumoniae/Related Articles
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- Antibiotic resistance : The development of resistance to an antibiotic in an organism originally susceptible to it
- Asthma : Disease process that is characterised by paradoxical narrowing of the bronchi, making breathing difficult.
- Bacteremia : A condition in which viable bacteria are circulating in the blood.
- Bacterial meningitis : Acute neurological meningeal inflammation caused by bacteria which, if untreated, is often fatal, or associated with significant sequelae.
- Cefaclor : A second generation cephalosporin antibiotic drug used to treat both Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobic bacteria.
- Cefepime : Fourth-generation cephalosporin antibiotic typically reserved for severe infections.
- Horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes : Horizontal gene transfer (HGT; also called lateral gene transfer, LGT) is defined as movement of genes between different species, or across broad taxonomic categories. Prokaryotes are cells, such as bacteria, that do not have a nucleus enclosed by a nuclear membrae. Their DNA is in a region of the cell called the nucleiod, or nucleus-like material.
- Minocycline : An antibiotic tetracycline analog that can be used to treat tetracycline-resistant staphylococcus infections.
- Odds ratio : Ratio of the relative incidence (odds) of a target disorder in an experimental group relative to the relative incidence in a control group; reflects how the risk of having a particular disorder is influenced by the treatment (odds ratio of 1 means that there is no benefit of treatment compared to the control group).
- Phagocytosis : That part of immune response in which defensive cells such as neutrophils and macrophages surround and "digest" foreign particles
- Pneumococcal vaccine : Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Quorum sensing : Ability of populations of bacteria to communicate and coordinate their behavior via inter-cellular and inter-species signaling molecules.
- Red blood cells : Also called erythrocytes; a type of disc-shaped blood cell that contain hemoglobin, and the body's principal means of delivering oxygen to the body's cells via the blood, and the removal of carbon dioxide wastes that result from metabolism.
- Septic shock : Serious medical condition caused by decreased tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery as a result of infection and sepsis.
- Sinusitis : Infection or inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which may or may not be as a result of infection, from bacterial, fungal, viral, allergic or autoimmune issues.