The Solomon Islands are an independent republic, made up of a archipelago of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu. They are a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The total land area is 27,540 sq km; there are 910 sq km of water inside the territorial limits. They are in a key location on sea routes through the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea.
Organized into a 9 provinces and a central district: Central, Choiseul, Guadalcanal, Honiara*, Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Rennell and Bellona, Temotu, Western Key; the islands and island groups include:
- Guadalcanal, on which the capital of Honaria is located
- Choiseul Island
- Gizo Island
- Yandina Island
- Santa Cruz Islands
- [[San Cristobal
- Malaita Island
- Rennell Island
The much-fought-over waters of North Georgia Sound called the "Slot" is north of Guadalcanal, containing Savo Island.
In the 1890s, Britain established a protectorate over the islands.
Second World War
Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society.
In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan Kemakeza asked for Australian assistance to reestablish law and order. In July, the Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias, and has remained effective.
The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. 
RAMSI was able to rebuild the economy, damaged by violence.