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Scottish Enlightenment/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Scottish Enlightenment.
See also changes related to Scottish Enlightenment, or pages that link to Scottish Enlightenment or to this page or whose text contains "Scottish Enlightenment".

Parent topics

  • Developed Article Scotland: A country that forms the northernmost part of the United Kingdom; population about 5,200,000. [e]
  • Stub The Enlightenment: An 18th-century movement in Western philosophy and intellectual life generally, that emphasized the power or reason and science to understand and reform the world. [e]


  • Developing Article Poker Club: One of several clubs in Edinburgh that were the focus of intellectual exchange during the Scottish Enlightenment [e]


  • Developing Article James Beattie: (1753-1803) Scottish philosopher and poet. [e]
  • Hugh Blair: (1718 – 1800) Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres at the University of Edinburgh, and Presbyterian preacher whose sermons and writings made a major contribution to the Scottish Enlightenment. [e]
  • Developed Article James Burnet, Lord Monboddo: (1714 - 1799) Scottish judge and anthropologist, a leading figure in the Scottish Enlightenment of the 18th century, best remembered as a founder of comparative historical linguistics. [e]
  • Stub Erasmus Darwin: (1731-1802) Physician, poet, philosopher, botanist, and naturalist; grandfather of Charles Darwin. [e]
  • Developing Article Adam Ferguson: (1723-1816) philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment, sometimes called the "father of sociology." [e]
  • Stub Henry Home, Lord Kames: (1696 – 1782) Scottish philosoper and adcocate, and a leading member of the Scottish Enlightenment; notably, he argued that the politics of Scotland were not based on loyalty to Kings or Queens but on property ownership. [e]
  • Developing Article David Hume: (1711—1776) Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian. [e]
  • Stub Frances Hutcheson: (1694-1746) Moral philosopher, prominent in the Scottish Enlightenment, known for his theory of aesthetics (that beauty is not a property of the object, but arises from an innate "aesthetic sense"). [e]
  • Developing Article John Millar: (1735 – 1801) philosopher and historian, professor of civil law at Glasgow University, pioneer of the concept of economic determinism. [e]
  • Stub Adam Smith: Scottish moral philosopher and political economist (1723-1790), a major contributor to the modern perception of free market economics; author of Wealth of Nations (1776). [e]
  • Developing Article Dugald Stewart: (1753 - 1828) Scottish philosopher of the "common-sense" school who played a major role in making the "Scottish philosophy" predominant in 19th century Europe; known for his theory of taste. [e]
  • Developing Article Thomas Reid: Scottish philosopher (1710-1796), one of the leading figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, best known as the founder of the "school of common sense". [e]

Other related topics

Figures who influenced or were influenced by the Scottish Enlightement

  • Robert Adam: (1728-1792) Neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. [e]
  • Andrew Bell: (1726-1809) Scottish engraver who co-founded the Encyclopaedia Britannica [e]
  • James Boswell: (1740 - 1795) Scottish author, best known as Samuel Johnson’s biographer, and for the detailed and frank diaries that he kept for much of his life. [e]
  • Developing Article Joseph Black: (1728 – 1799) Scottish physicist and chemist, known for his discoveries of latent heat, specific heat, and carbon dioxide [e]
  • Developed Article Thomas Blacklock: (1721 - 1791) The"blind poet", an early supporter of Robert Burns. [e]
  • Developed Article Robert Burns: The National poet of Scotland (1759-96); writer of Auld Lang Syne. [e]
  • Developing Article Alexander Carlyle: (1722-1805) Scottish church leader and autobiographer. [e]
  • Developing Article William Cullen: (1710-1790) The leading British physician of the 18th century. [e]
  • Developing Article Andrew Duncan: (1744- 1877) Scottish medical reformer, best known for his humane treatment of the mentally ill. [e]
  • Developing Article Robert Fergusson: (1750 - 1774) Scottish poet whose verse inspired Robert Burns. [e]
  • Developing Article John Gregory: (1724–1773) Scottish physician who made major contributions to the field of medical ethics. [e]
  • Developing Article John Home: (1722–1808) Scottish poet and dramatist. [e]
  • Developing Article James Hutton: (1726–1797) Scottish farmer and naturalist, who is known as the founder of modern geology. [e]
  • Developing Article James Lind: (1716–1794) Scottish physician and pioneer of naval hygiene, whose recommendation that fresh citrus fruit and lemon juice be added to the diet of sailors saw scurvy eliminated from the British Navy. [e]
  • Developing Article Colin MacLaurin: (1698–1746) Scottish mathematician who published the first systematic exposition of Newton's calculus. [e]
  • Stub John Playfair: (1748-1819) Scottish mathematician, best known for his explanation and promotion of the work of James Hutton [e]
  • Sir Henry Raeburn: (1756-1823) Scottish portrait painter; best known work is Reverend Robert Walker (1755-1808) Skating on Duddingston Loch [e]
  • Developing Article Allan Ramsay: (1713–1784) Scottish portrait-painter of the "Rococo Era". [e]
  • Stub Allan Ramsay (1686–1758): Poet who wrote mainly in the Scots vernacular, and is best known for his pastoral verse-play "The Gentle Shepherd". [e]
  • Developing Article William Robertson: (1721-1793) Historian, most notable for his 'History of Scotland' [e]
  • Daniel Rutherford: (1749 - 1815) Scottish chemist, best known for the discovery of nitrogen. [e]
  • Sir Walter Scott: (1771 – 1832) Scottish historical novelist popular throughout Europe in his lifetime; his novels include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, 'and The Heart of Midlothian. [e]
  • Developing Article Sir John Sinclair, 1st Baronet: (1754-1835) Scottish politician, writer on finance and agriculture and the first person to use the word 'statistics.' [e]
  • William Smellie: (1740-1795) Editor of the first edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica. [e]
  • James Watt: Scottish engineer and inventor (1736-1819), best known for major innovations in re the steam engine; the watt (unit of power) is named after him. [e]

Important places in the Scottish Enlightenment