Scientific method/Related Articles
- See also changes related to Scientific method, or pages that link to Scientific method or to this page or whose text .
- Science : The organized body of knowledge based on non–trivial refutable concepts that can be verified or rejected on the base of observation and experimentation
- Philosophy : The study of the meaning and justification of beliefs about the most general, or universal, aspects of things.
- Reality : Various concepts in philosophy and science presenting diverse views of what categories of entities, if any, do or do not qualify as existing absolutely, self-sufficiently and objectively irrespective of human presence.
- Model-dependent realism : A philosophical position that all we can know about reality consists of networks of world pictures that explain observations by connecting them by rules to concepts defined in models.
- Discourse on Method : Philosophical and mathematical treatise published by René Descartes in 1637, best known as the source of the famous quotation 'Je pense, donc je suis' ('I think, therefore I am').
- History of scientific method : Development and elaboration of rules for scientific reasoning and investigation.
- Scientific misconduct : Violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behaviour in professional scientific research.
- Pseudoscience : Any theory, or system of theories, that is deceptively claimed to be scientific.
- Reductionism : The attempt to replace high-level explanations of phenomena by more basic explanations, often in terms of interacting subsystems or parts.
- Aristotle : (384-322 BCE) Ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, and one of the most influential figures in the western world between 350 BCE and the sixteenth century.
- Galileo Galilei : (1564-1642) Italian scientist, a pioneer in combining mathematical theory with systematic experiment in science, who came into conflict with the Church.
- René Descartes : French 17th-century philosopher, mathematician and scientist, author of the Discourse on Method.
- Francis Bacon : (1561-1626) English Renaissance essayist and philosopher who argued that science should proceed empirically, by induction.
- Roger Bacon : Add brief definition or description
- David Hume : (1711—1776) Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian.
Twentieth Century Philosophers
- Thomas Kuhn : (1921–1996) American philosopher who revolutionized philosophy of science by describing science as being driven by paradigm-defining revolutions rather than steady progress.
- Karl Popper : (1902–1994) One of the most influential philosophers of science of the 20th century.
- Paul Feyerabend : Add brief definition or description
- Imre Lakatos : Add brief definition or description
- Hypothesis : A causal relationship thought possible.
- Theory : An abstract description of causal relationships.
- Proof : Add brief definition or description
- Laboratory : Add brief definition or description
- Experiment : A test of causal relationships.
- Simulation : Add brief definition or description
- Data : "Pieces of information", especially numbers or quantities
- Evidence : Add brief definition or description
- Evidence-based medicine : The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
- Evidence-based decision-making : Add brief definition or description
- Academic journal : A regularly-published, peer-reviewed publication that publishes scholarship relating to an academic discipline.
- Scientific journal : A publication venue for original research and scholarly review articles — for more than three centuries on paper and now increasingly online.
- Research peer review : Evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field.
- Science 2.0 : An umbrella term used to label the use of Web 2.0 tools for scientific purposes.
- Knowledge : On one common account by philosophers, justified, true belief; often used in a looser way by everyone else to mean any truth or belief, and also a whole body of truth or a whole system of belief.
- Fact : An accurate piece of information, i.e. embedded in a minimum of assumptions, which are clearly stated.
- Belief : Add brief definition or description
- Truth : The accuracy or factuality of a statement; has been explained by philosophers as correspondence to reality, coherence with a body of thought, and in several other ways; also (with a capital "T"), deep, important wisdom.
- Axiom : Add brief definition or description
- Observation : Add brief definition or description
- Deduction : Deduction is defined as inference from stated premises (see the article on argument). The reality of of a deductive inference is entirely dependant upon the reality of its premises.
- Induction : Inference from observations, subject to revision when further observations are made.
- Paradigm : Defined by Thomas Kuhn as an entire constellation of beliefs, values and techniques etc. shared by the members of a given community