- See also changes related to Mutsuhito, or pages that link to Mutsuhito or to this page or whose text .
- Tokugawa Shogunate : A period of feudal but reasonably centralized government of Japan between 1603 and 1868, founded by Ieyasu Tokugawa after a period of civil war; also called the Edo Period or Edo bakufu; ended by the Meiji Restoration
- Meiji Restoration : Beginning in 1868, the major change in Japanese governance coming from the end of the Tokugawa Shogunate not only restoration of the monarchy as the real head of state, but also the modernization of the form of government from feudal to technical-bureaucratic, the end of the samurai class and the development of a national military
- Aritomo Yamagata : In the Meiji Restoration, architect of the Imperial Japanese Army, military commander and three-time Chief of Staff; Three-time President of the Privy Council; two-time Prime Minister of Japan and genro (elder statesman) of immense influence
- First Sino-Japanese War : Fought over control of Korea by Qing Dynasty China and Meiji Restoration Japan (1894-1895); Japan gained control of Korea
- Russo-Japanese War : Fought between 1904 and 1905 between Russia and Japan increasing their influence in East Asia, the war resulted in a decisive victory for Japan; culturally significant as the first defeat of an European power by an Asian one; arguably a continuation of Japanese expansion in the First Sino-Japanese War
- Yoshihito : (1879-1926) the personal name of the Taisho Emperor of Japan, father of Hirohito and son of Mutsohito
- Hirohito : The 124th and longest-reigning Emperor of Japan, 1926-89.
- Shishi : A Japanese faction that intended to restore Emperor rule and overthrow the Tokugawa Shogunate; originally members of the Choshu Clan