Habeas corpus/Related Articles
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- Abraham Lincoln : (1809-65) Born in Illinois, President of the United States during the American Civil War.
- Bagram Theater Internment Facility : A facility, described by the George W. Bush administration as temporary, which has been open for seven years, where the USA holds prisoners in uncertain legal status
- Bismullah v. Gates : A U.S. appellate court decision that held that prisoners, in extrajudicial detention at Guantanamo Bay detention camp, had a right to have their defense attorneys review all the classified evidence in their client's dossier
- Clarence Earl Gideon : The petitioner/defendant in a landmark U.S. Supreme Court case, decided in 1963, establishing the right to counsel protected by the Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
- Combatant Status Review Tribunal : An administrative hearing, held between 2004 and 2005, to determine if an individual under U.S. extrajudicial detention was an enemy combatant or entitled to prisoner of war status
- Ex Parte Endo : Last United States Supreme Court case about the internment of Japanese during World War II.
- Ex parte Milligan : An 1866 decision of the Supreme Court of the United States that determined that a U.S. citizen, not part of the military or a prisoner of war, not in an area of hostilities, and where the civil courts were operating, could not be tried by a military tribunal
- Ex parte Quirin : A 1942 Supreme Court of the United States ruling that affirmed the right to try captured enemy personnel, who operated in civilian clothing, by a Presidentially appointed secret military tribunal
- Extrajudicial detention, U.S. : Situations where the Executive Branch of the United States government has detained individuals without the authority of the judicial branch of government; there have been many cases going back to through the early history of the nation, sometimes during overt war, and, perhaps better known at present, directed against non-national threats.
- Extrajudicial detention : The policy and practice of holding prisoners captive without judicial authority to do so, or without a recognized authority under international law, such capture of prisoners of war
- Gideon v. Wainwright : 372 U.S. 335 (1963), A landmark U.S. Supreme Court case establishing the right to counsel protected by the Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
- Government : The system by which a community or nation is controlled and regulated. A government is a person or group of persons who govern a political community or nation.
- : Habeas corpus petitions filed on behalf of prisoners at the Guantanamo detention camp
- Guilt in U.S. law : Add brief definition or description
- Hamdi v. Rumsfeld : A 2004 opinion by the Supreme Court of the United States, which held that a U.S. citizen, captured in a combat zone and alleged to be bearing arms against the United States, still was entitled to a judicial hearing to determine if he was an enemy combatant subject to military, rather than civilian, law
- Huzaifa Parhat : Add brief definition or description
- John of England : Add brief definition or description
- Johnson v. Eisentrager : A 1950 U.S. Supreme Court decision that nonresident enemy aliens, captured in the context of a declared war outside the jurisdiction of any U.S. civil court, were purely under the jurisdiction of military law and had no access to the U.S. judicial system
- Korematsu v. United States : A U.S. Supreme Court case, in which the internment of Japanese-Americans was deemed constitutional due to military necessity
- Ku Klux Klan : Add brief definition or description
- Lawful combatant : A person who meets the qualifications of the Geneva Conventions to be entitled to prisoner of war status
- Ramzi Binalshibh : The primary staff assistant to Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, communications intermediary with the 9-11 hijackers and involved in other planning; currently a High Value Detainee at Guantanamo Bay detention camp; defendant in U.S. v. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, et al.
- Rasul v. Bush : A decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, in 2004, that prisoners in military extrajudicial detention, specifically at Guantanamo Bay detention camp, had proper standing to request habeas corpus review in the Federal judicial system
- Rumsfeld v. Padilla : Decided in 2004, a Supreme Court of the United States ruling that a specific court did not have jurisdiction over the habeas corpus petition of a U.S. citizen, arrested by U.S. law enforcement on U.S. soil, but designated an enemy combatant by the President and put into military extrajudicial detention
- Schlup-House doctrine : Add brief definition or description
- Stephen Abraham : Partner, Fink & Abraham LLP; lieutenant colonel, Military Intelligence, U.S. Army, retired; (Ret); Liberty and Security Committee, Constitution Project; filed affidavit that the Combatant Status Review Tribunal was unfair
- U.S. Navy : The branch of the United States Armed Forces charged with sea operations
- Uighur detainees in Guantanamo : Prisoners captured in Afghanistan by the U.S., and determined to be members of an anti-Chinese organization not opposed to the U.S.; they are in limbo as they cannot be sent to China but other countries have been reluctant to take them
- West Memphis Three : Add brief definition or description
- William Rehnquist : 16th Chief Justice of the United States of America