Endosymbiotic theory/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Endosymbiotic theory.
See also changes related to Endosymbiotic theory, or pages that link to Endosymbiotic theory or to this page or whose text contains "Endosymbiotic theory".

Parent topics

  • Cell (biology) [r]: The basic unit of life, consisting of biochemical networks enclosed by a membrane. [e]
  • Evolution of cells [r]: The birth of cells marked the passage from pre-biotic chemistry to partitioned units resembling modern cells. [e]
  • Lynn Margulis [r]: (1938) An American biologist whose work on the origin of eukaryotic organelles led to general acceptance of the endosymbiotic theory; also a leading proponent of the Gaia hypothesis. [e]
  • Konstantin Mereschkowski [r]: (1855-1921), A Russian biologist whose research on lichens led him to propose the theory of symbiogenesis - that larger, more complex cells evolved from the symbiotic relationship between less complex ones. [e]
  • Ivan Wallin [r]: (1883-1969), An American biologist, the first to propose that chloroplasts and mitochondria originated as symbiotic bacteria. [e]


  • Binary fission [r]: A form of asexual reproduction and cell division used by all prokaryotes and some organelles within eukaryotic organisms. [e]
  • Ribosome [r]: A supramolecular structure in cells made from proteins and RNA; it is the machine that translates the genetic code and synthesizes amino acids into the correct protein sequence. [e]
  • Phylogenetic [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Chlorophyll [r]: A green pigment found in most plants, algae, and cyanobacteria that absorbs light energy for photosynthesis. [e]
  • Nucleomorph [r]: A reduced eukaryotic nuclei found in certain plastids from cryptomonads and chlorarachniophytes; evidence of the evolutionary origin of plastids by endosymbiosis. [e]
  • Apicoplast [r]: A relict, non-photosynthetic plastid surrounded by four membranes, proposed to have evolved via secondary endosymbiosis; found in most Apicomplexa, including malaria parasites such as Plasmodium falciparum. [e]

Other related topics