Cell surface receptor/Related Articles
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- Protein : A polymer of amino acids; basic building block of living systems.
- Acetylcholine receptor : Nervous system cell surface proteins that bind acetylcholine and trigger intracellular changes.
- Adrenergic receptor : Cell-surface proteins that bind epinephrine and/or norepinephrine with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes. The two major classes of adrenergic receptors, alpha and beta, were originally discriminated based on their cellular actions but now are distinguished by their relative affinity for characteristic synthetic ligands.
- Angiotensin receptor : Cell surface proteins that bind angiotensins and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells.
- Biogenic amine receptor : Cell surface proteins that bind biogenic amines with high affinity and regulate intracellular signals which influence the behavior of cells.
- Bradykinin receptor : Cell surface receptors that bind bradykinin and related kinins with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells.
- Opioid receptor : G-protein coupled receptors located in the brain and various organs that bind opiates or opioid substances as ligands.
- Vasopressin receptor : Cell surface receptors to which vasopressins bind or interact in order to modify the function of the cells. Two types of vasopressin receptor exist, the V1 receptor in the vascular smooth muscle and the V2 receptor in the kidneys.
- Adrenergic beta-antagonist : Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
- Angiotensin II receptor antagonist : Agents that antagonize angiotensin II type 1 receptor. Included are angiotensin II analogs such as saralasin and biphenylimidazoles such as losartan. Some are used as antihypertensive agents.