Caesar's Mushroom

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Caesar's Mushroom
File:Amanita caesarea.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Homobasidiomycetae
Subclass: Hymenomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae
Genus: Amanita
Species: A. caesarea
Binomial name
Amanita caesarea
(Scop.) Pers.

The Caesar's Mushroom (Amanita caesarea) is an edible mushroom in the family Amanitaceae, native to southern Europe. The common name comes from its being a favorite of the Roman emperors, who took the name Caesar (originally a Roman cognomen) as a title. Other common names include Royal Amanita, Aminite de César, Oronge, or Kaiserling in German.

This mushroom has a tawny cap with a yellow stem and gills. It may be seated in a cup (the remains of a universal veil) and have the remains of a partial veil hanging from the stipe. The base of the stipe is thicker than the top. The spores are white. This mushroom favours oak woodland, sometimes mixed with conifers.

Caesar's Mushroom has also been classified as A. umbonata. The relationship of the similar North American species A. hemibapha and A. jacksonii to A. caesarea is not clear. Moreover, the edibility of North American species is also unclear.