In psychiatry, bipolar disorder is a "major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence." Bipolar disorder—which is alternately known as manic-depression—is a mental illness first defined by Emil Kraeplin, which he distinguished from schizophrenia. The exact relationship between bipolar disorder and various other mental illnesses—including schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, and attention deficit hyperactive disorder—is not clear.
Childhood bipolar disorder
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