From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- Biological weapon : Living organisms, or substances produced by living organisms, used as weapons to produce death or disease in human or agricultural populations
- Chemical weapon : A weapon that cause death or disease by means of chemical interaction with the metabolism of the victim, as opposed to causing injury through blast, thermal, or other effects not on a molecular level
- Explosives : Explosive agent; a compound or mixture susceptible of a rapid chemical reaction, as gunpowder, or nitroglycerin.
- Unitary warhead : A warhead for artillery, unguided rockets, or missiles, which is filled with a single explosive charge rather than cluster submunitions
- Cluster munition : A military weapon, fired or dropped from another weapon, that releases smaller submunitions that cause the actual destructive effect
- Cluster submunition : Add brief definition or description
- Explosively formed projectile : A technique of using controlled explosives to direct a blast wave, or materials near it, into a desired shape
- Thermobaric warhead : Add brief definition or description
- Nuclear weapon : A weapon that produces extremely powerful explosions from principles involving subatomic particle reactions, rather than the chemical reactions among atoms that power conventional explosives
- Fission device : An assembly of components, not necessarily in a form usable as a weapon, which will produce a large energy release through nuclear fission
- Fusion device : An explosive device, whether used as a weapon or for other purposes, which depends for most of its explosive power on the release of energy by combining atomic nuclei
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- AGM-114 Hellfire : A U.S. Army guided missile, fired from attack helicopters, Air Force and CIA unmanned aerial vehicles and ground platforms against tanks and other armored vehicles, bunkers, "soft" vehicles, and cave targets.
- AGM-62 Walleye : A U.S. guided bomb of the 1960s, which provided the operator with a television view of the target, and a limited "fire and forget" capability since it would hold the last trajectory given
- AGM-84 Harpoon : A U.S. developed anti-shipping missile that can be launched from aircraft, ships and submarines
- AGM-86 ALCM : A long-range cruise missile that can be delivered anywhere in the world from U.S. bases, employing blast or precision penetrating warheads
- AIM-9 Sidewinder : The first operational heat-seeking air-to-air missile, this weapon, with five generations of improvements, has been in service for over fifty years.
- Anti-shipping missile : An air, surface (sea or land), or submarine-launched missile that can track and intercept a maneuvering ship target against the background of moving water
- Atlas (missile) : The first operational intercontinental ballistic missile fielded by the United States, derivatives of which are still used as space launch vehicles
- BGM-71 TOW : A heavy antitank missile, launched from ground or helicopter platforms; all but the recent air-launched version trail a thin wire through which they receive man-in-the-loop guidance commands
- Battle damage assessment : Determination of the effects of application of lethal or nonlethal military force; made up of physical damage assessment, functional damage assessment, and target system damage assessmeny
- Battlefield air interdiction : Air warfare intended to support ground troops, not by direct firepower but interfering with enemy supplies, reinforcements and communications
- Bomb : Explosive device that typically rely on the exothermic chemical reaction of an explosive material to produce an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.
- Cannon : Sizable crew-served weapons, which fire projectiles through a tube called a barrel.
- Counter-rocket, artillery and mortar : Military equipment and techniques to detect unguided rockets, artillery shells, and mortar rounds in flight, warn friendly forces that are threatened, and, with new methods, intercept and destroy the projectiles before they can do damage
- Crew-served weapon : A military weapon that, in practice, be operated by one person; when it has been made ready, an individual might be able to fire it, but not move it
- Cruise missile : A guided missile that uses aerodynamic forces, as well as active jet or rocket propulsion, to stay airborne and to adjust its course.
- Euromissile HOT : European wire-guided anti-tank missile for vehicles and helicopters, similar to the U.S. BGM-71 TOW
- Forward-looking infrared : An older term for thermal imaging systems, typically airborne, that can "see" objects by their heat emissions and difference from background, in conditions including night and fog
- France : Western European republic (population c. 64.1 million; capital Paris) extending across Europe from the English Channel in the north-west to the Mediterranean in the south-east; bounded by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain; founding member of the European Union. Colonial power in Southeast Asia until 1954.
- Fuze : A mechanical, pyrotechnic or electronic device that causes the initiation of a detonator after some sensed event or events
- Gaza Strip : 26-mile-long Middle Eastern coastal region long the Mediterranean Sea, bordering Egypt and Israel; population about 1.4 million Palestinian people, governed by Hamas since June 2007.
- Guided missile : A weapon that flies through air or space, under its own power, which adjusts its course to hit its target.
- Intercontinental ballistic missile : A ballistic missile, carrying one or more warheads, with a range in excess of 5500 kilometers; the definition traditionally referred to land-based weapons, but some submarine-launched ballistic missiles have this capability
- M109 howitzer : A family of self-propelled 155mm howitzers developed by the U.S. Army
- M26 (rocket) : A series of long-range (20mi/32 km-28mi/45km) unguided rockets fired by the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System, carrying 518 to 644 cluster submunitions; retired due to an excessive number of submunitions failing to detonate and becoming effective minefields
- M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System : A fully-tracked artillery firing platform that carries two munitions pods, containing either six rockets or short-range surface-to-surface missiles, or one MGM-140 ATACMS tactical ballistic missile
- M30 (rocket) : An aerodynamically steered, rocket-propelled surface-to-surface missile, carrying cluster submunitions, fired by the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System at greater ranges than the M109 howitzer
- MGM-140 ATACMS : A short- to medium-range ballistic missile, developed by the U.S. Army to engage high-value ground targets beyond the range of cannon, yet under the direct control of ground forces commanders; fired by the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
- Multiple rocket launcher : In modern use, a family of mobile artillery systems, firing unguided rockets intended for area-effect coverage, complementing howitzers for point targets. These systems, however, increasingly use guided rounds.
- National technical means of verification : Euphemism principally for imagery intelligence satellites and other means of strategic arms control verification, principally because the Soviet Union did not want its public to know that they could not prevent Western observation of the state
- Naval guns and gunnery : Artillery weapons on ships, and techniques and devices for aiming them.
- Shell (artillery) : A warhead for artillery, which contains a bursting or penetrating filler, and appropriate fuze, rather than solid metal
- Shot : Projectiles that are made of solid metal, without an explosive filling
- Space Race : A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union, which lasted roughly from 1957 to 1975.
- Squad (land forces) : The basic unit of infantry military tactics, composed of 7-13 soldiers, and subdivided into two or more fire teams
- Submarine-launched ballistic missile : A ballistic missile launched from a normally submerged submarine, which has multiple engineering challenges, chief among them being computing a correct ballistic trajectory from a varying point of launch (POL)
- Technical intelligence : Information derived from examination, testing and analysis of foreign equipment and materiel, preferably, but not necessarily, in good working order
- Torpedo : A naval weapon that travels underwater, using its own propulsion, to attack its target, minimally with onboard mechanisms to keep it on a straight course. Modern torpedoes are underwater guided missiles that can track their target and adjust their course to hit it
- UGM-27 Titan II : A second-generation U.S. intercontinental ballistic missile able to lift unusually large warheads, and used as a space launch vehicle after military retirement. As an ICBM, it carried the largest warhead of any U.S. missile
- Unguided rocket : A form of artillery weapon that uses a rocket motor to propel a warhead at a target, using no guidance once launched
- V-1 : The world's first, if crude, cruise missile used in appreciable numbers in combat
- V-2 : World's first operational ballistic missile, developed by Nazi Germany: (Vergeltungswaffe 2).
- Vietnam War military technology : Military technology in support of ground operations, including helicopters and air assault, either associated with or introduced in Vietnam, between 1962 and 1975