Transport Phenomena

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Author
 
Bird, R.B., Stewart, W.E. and Lightfoot, E.N.
Language English
Publisher John Wiley and Sons
Date 2006 (Second Edition)
Cover type Hardback
Pages 920
ISBN ISBN 0-470-11539-4

The first edition of Transport Phenomena was published in 1960, two years after having been preliminarily published under the title Notes on Transport Phenomena [1] based on mimeographed notes prepared for a chemical engineering course taught at the University of Wisconsin-Madison during the academic year 1957-1958.[2] The current second edition was published in 2006.[3]

History

As the chemical engineering profession developed in the first half of the 20th century, the concept of "unit operations" arose as being needed in the education of undergraduate chemical engineers. The theories of mass, momentum and energy transfer were being taught at that time only to the extent necessary for a narrow range of applications. As chemical engineers began moving into a number of new areas, problem definitions and solutions required a deeper knowledge of the fundamentals of transport phenomena than those provided in the textbooks then available on unit operations.

In the 1950's, R. Byron Bird, Warren E. Stewart and Edwin N. Lightfoot stepped forward to develop an undergraduate course at the University of Wisconsin-Madison to integrate the teaching of fluid flow, heat transfer, and diffusion. From this beginning, they prepared their landmark textbook Transport Phenomena.[4]

Subjects covered in the book

The book is divided into three basic sections, named Momentum Transport, Energy Transport and Mass Transport:

  • Momentum Transport
    • Viscosity and the Mechanisms of Momentum Transport
    • Momentum Balances and Velocity Distributions in Laminar Flow
    • The Equations of Change for Isothermal Systems
    • Velocity Distributions in Turbulent Flow
    • Interphase Transport in Isothermal Systems
    • Macroscopic Balances for Isothermal Flow Systems
  • Energy Transport
    • Thermal Conductivity and the Mechanisms of Energy Transport
    • Energy Balances and Temperature Distributions in Solids and Laminar Flow
    • The Equations of Change for Nonisothermal Systems
    • Temperature Distributions in Turbulent Flow
    • Interphase Transport in Nonisothermal Systems
    • Macroscopic Balances for Nonisothermal Systems
  • Mass transport
    • Diffusivity and the Mechanisms of Mass Transport
    • Concentration Distributions in Solids and Laminar Flow
    • Equations of Change for Multicomponent Systems
    • Concentration Distributions in Turbulent Flow
    • Interphase Transport in Nonisothermal Mixtures
    • Macroscopic Balances for Multicomponent Systems
    • Other Mechanisms for Mass Transport

References

  1. Bird, R.B., Stewart, W.E. and Lightfoot, E.N. (1958). Notes on transport phenomena. John Wiley & Sons. LCCN 58010796. 
  2. This Week's Citation Classic (University of Pennsylvania, Garfield Library)
  3. Publisher's description of this book
  4. Byrd, Stewart, Lightfoot Programs