Nerve agent/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Nerve agent: Lethal insecticides and chemical weapons that kill by acting as cholinesterase inhibitors, causing muscle contractions that do not release; they are usually organophosphates with the most poisonous containing fluorine
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- Acetylcholine : A chemical transmitter in both the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) in many organisms including humans.
- Cholinesterase inhibitor : Chemicals that block the action of the enzyme cholinesterase, which breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine; continuous presence of acetylcholine causes continuous muscle contraction
- Chemical weapon : A weapon that cause death or disease by means of chemical interaction with the metabolism of the victim, as opposed to causing injury through blast, thermal, or other effects not on a molecular level
- Insecticide : A pesticide used against insects, in agriculture, medicine, industry and the household.
- Parathion : Add brief definition or description
- Tabun : Add brief definition or description
- Sarin : Lethal, nonpersistent chemical weapon, O-Isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridate, of the nerve agent family
- Soman : Add brief definition or description
- Cyclosarin : Add brief definition or description
- VX : Add brief definition or description
- Chemical Weapons Convention : Arms control treaty which prohibits the production, use and possession of chemical weapons and related assets.
- Dual-use : Materials or equipment capable of being used either in civilian applications, or for military applications subject to counterproliferation controls, or for other sensitive uses such as the drug trade