Medical ethics/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Medical ethics, or pages that link to Medical ethics or to this page or whose text .
- Ethics : The branch of philosophy dealing with standards of good and evil.
- Conflict of interest : Situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust.
- Futile care : Medical procedure or treatment that cannot achieve its stated goals or produce its expected benefits, regardless of repetition and duration of treatment.
- Informed consent : Agreement, by the person affected or his surrogate, to make a knowledgeable decision consenting to participation in a medical treatment or research trial
- Neuroethics : Add brief definition or description
- Euthanasia : The act of assisting in the death of an animal or patient, often to end suffering for an incurable disease; a painless death; sometimes called a mercy killing which may or may not be legal.
- Hastings Center : Add brief definition or description
- Hippocratic Oath : An oath traditionally taken by physicians before practising medicine.
- Medical Law International : Add brief definition or description
- World Medical Association : (WMA), founded on 17 September 1947, is an international organization representing physicians, through their national medical organization.
- Abortion : The deliberate expulsion of an embryo or foetus from the womb for the purpose of ending a pregnancy.
- Bioethics of neonatal circumcision : Add brief definition or description
- Cloning : The generation of genetically identical organisms, using cells derived from an original cell by fission (one cell dividing into two cells) or by mitosis (cell nucleus division with each chromosome splitting into two).
- Eugenics : The general name for a series of ostensibly scientific claims about inheritance among humans, which sought to eliminate traits, such as "imbecility" or criminal behavior, by selective sterilization, regulation of family size, and restrictions on who could marry whom.
- Genetics : The study of the inheritance of characteristics, genes and DNA.
- Animal testing : Add brief definition or description
- CIOMS Guidelines : Add brief definition or description
- Common rules. Adopted by 17 United States departments and agencies (1991).
- Nuremberg Code : The statement of ethical medical research on human beings that came from the Medical Case trials of Nazi medical personnel, which was part of the Nuremberg Military Tribunals; it forms the basis for the Declaration of Helsinki
- Declaration of Geneva : Add brief definition or description
- Declaration of Helsinki : Initiated in response to Nazi medical experiments and the resulting Nuremberg Code, the continually updated world agreement on ethical principles for medical research with human subjects
- Declaration of Tokyo : Add brief definition or description
- Good clinical practice : Add brief definition or description
- Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act : The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), public law 104-191, is a statute enacted by the 104th U. S. Congress on August 21, 1996; it's primary impact is on protecting the confidentiality of health-case data.
- Patients' Bill of Rights : Add brief definition or description
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights : Declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, consisting of 30 articles with definitions of civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights.
- Institutional Review Board : Add brief definition or description
Famous cases in medical ethics
Many famous cases in medical ethics illustrate and helped define important issues.
- Willowbrook State School : Add brief definition or description
- Tuskegee Syphilis Study : Clinical study conducted in the 1930s in Tuskegee, Alabama, by the US Public Health Service, into syphilis for research related to the natural progression of the untreated disease.
- Terri Schiavo : (1963–2005) Pennsylvania woman who, following entry into a persistent vegetative state in a hospital in Florida became the centre of a seven-year legal and political battle to determine whether or not the feeding tube should be removed. At the height of the controversy, President George W. Bush signed emergency legislation to keep Schiavo alive.
- Jack Kevorkian : Add brief definition or description
- Timothy Quill : Professor of Medicine and Psychiatry at the University of Rochester and an advocate of humane physician-assisted suicide
- Nancy Cruzan : Add brief definition or description
- Karen Ann Quinlan : Add brief definition or description
- Baby K : Add brief definition or description
- HeLa : Add brief definition or description
- Nazi medical experiments : Part of The Holocaust was a program of nonconsensual medical experiments, primarily conducted at concentration camps, for which many of those conducted them were tried for war crimes
- Unit 731 : Imperial Japanese Army research and development facility for biological weapons, headquartered in Pingfan, Manchuria; headed by Gen. Shiro Ishii; engaged in human experimentation and field use of weapons
- Airedale NHS Trust v. Bland : 1993 English legal case that allowed withdrawal of treatment for patients in a persistent vegetative state.
- Stanford Prison Experiment : Add brief definition or description
- Milgram Experiment : Add brief definition or description