History of Egypt/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to History of Egypt, or pages that link to History of Egypt or to this page or whose text .
- Africa : Continent stretching over the equator, hosting deserts, tropical jungles and savannah as well as over fifty nations; population about 900,000,000.
- Middle East : A geographical region in Asia that also contains small parts of Europe and Africa.
- Maghreb : The Muslim-majority, Arabic and Berber-speaking countries of North Africa, bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea and often by the Sahara Desert on the south.
- Egyptian Neopaganism : A modern religious revival attempting to reconstruct the beliefs and practices of ancient Egypt.
- Alexander the Great : King of Macedon who conquered the Persian Empire in the late 4th century BCE.
- Great Pyramid of Giza : Largest and oldest of the pyramids in the Giza Necropolis of Greater Cairo, Egypt; was the tallest building for nearly 4,000 years, and is the largest pyramid ever constructed.
- Félix d'Hérelle : (1873 – 1949) - A French-Canadian bacteriologist, and the discoverer of bacteriophages.
- Imhotep : The Egyptian architect, alive during the years 2650-2600 B.C, responsible for the first pyramid.
Modern leadership and opposition
- Arab Spring : Protest movements in the Arab world that seek the removal of oppressive governments.
- Gamal Nasser : Add brief definition or description
- Anwar Sadat : Add brief definition or description
- Hosni Mubarak : President of Egypt 1981-2011
- Arab League : Add brief definition or description
- Muslim Brotherhood : An Islamic political group, formed in Egypt and increasingly part of the political system there, which has worldwide branches; it may be moving from a Salafist ideology to a more mulilateral one
Military and security
- Arab-Israeli Conflict : The series of wars and military tension between the State of Israel and Arab states; often includes the Israel-Palestine Conflict, a remnant of the wars between countries
- 1967 Arab-Israeli War : Often called the "Six Days War", a decisive Israeli victory, starting with a preemptive attack, against Arab states preparing for battle; the West Bank, East Jerusalem, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights were captured
- 2008-2009 Gaza conflict : Add brief definition or description
- Al-Jihad : An Egyptian insurgent group, whose name translated as Holy Struggle
- Ibn Sheikh al-Libi : A Libyan member of al-Qaeda whose interrogation results, later recanted, were a large part of the U.S. justfication for starting the Iraq War because Iraq had weapons of mass destruction; he was in various CIA programs of extraordinary rendition and interrogation
- Ahmed Agiza : An Egyptian citizen, rendered to Egypt by Swedish and U.S. personnel, where he was imprisoned for a 1999 in absentia conviction of belonging to an illegal organization, Egyptian Islamic Jihad; the removal from Sweden did not involve extradition and may have violated the refoulement provision of the Convention against Torture.
- Extrajudicial detention, Egypt : General policies of modern Egypt for extrajudicial detention either by the Egyptian authorities directly, or where Egypt receives prisoners from third countries
- Extraordinary rendition, U.S., Bill Clinton Administration : Extraordinary rendition of suspects of counterterrorism programs in the Clinton Administration, with brief U.S. interrogation but primary coercive interrogation in third countries
- Extraordinary rendition, U.S., George W. Bush Administration : Policy, legal interpretation and examples, under the George W. Bush Administration, of extraordinary rendition, U.S., primarily related to the Administration's war on terror
- Sami Mohy El Din Muhammed Al Hajj : A Sudanese journalist for the Al Jazeera news agency, held at Guantanamo Bay detention camp for suspicion of acting as a terrorist courier; released in 2008
- Arabic language : is a Semitic language used by Islam and is an official or co-official language in the 22 countries which together make up the Arab World.
- British Empire : The worldwide domain controlled by Britain from its origins about 1600
- CIA activities in the Middle East and South Asia : Add brief definition or description
- Israel : Country in the Middle East.
- Libya : North African revolutionary republic led by Muammar Gaddafi, which normalised diplomatic ties with the West in 2003; fourth-largest African nation, population about 6,000,000.
- Sudan : A nation in East Africa/Horn of Africa, with the largest land area of any country in Africa, and near-continuous civil wars since British independence in 1956; effectively a federation of Arab and African parts, with the southern region voting for independence in 2011.