From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Hemochromatosis, or pages that link to Hemochromatosis or to this page or whose text .
- Medicine : The study of health and disease of the human body.
- Blood : The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (i.e., blood vessels). Whole blood includes plasma and blood cells.
- Human iron metabolism : Mechanisms of ingestion, distribution, use and excretion of iron by the human body, as well as an introduction to disorders of iron metabolism
- Duodenum : The shortest and widest portion of the small intestine, which receives output from the stomach via the pylorus, and puts processed material into the jejunum
- Crypt cell : Add brief definition or description
- Enterocyte : Cells lining the small intestine, which both secrete digestive enzymes and absorb nutrients
- Hepcidin : A peptide hormone, secreted by the liver and believed to act primarily in the duodenum, currently believed to be a major, if not the master, regulatory mechanism of human iron metabolism, and indeed in mammals
- Ferroportin : Add brief definition or description
- Transferrin : A protein that carries iron, absorbed in the gastrointestinal tracts, to the capillaies, and released into the bloodstream
- Erythropoesis : The creation, from megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor cells, and life cycle of erythrocytes (i.e., red blood cells or RBCs)
- Erythrocyte : Blood cells that carry hemoglobin
- Red blood cell : Add brief definition or description
- Heme : Deep red, nonprotein, ferrous molecule that binds with proteins as a cofactor or prosthetic group to form the haemoproteins.