NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --

F (letter)

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
(Redirected from F)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Talk
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

F, f is a letter of the Latin alphabet. It is the sixth letter of most variants, being placed after E and before G, as is the case for instance in the English alphabet. Its English name is pronounced [ˈef], eff.

Use in English

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Use in English
Alphabetical word list
Retroalphabetical list  
Common misspellings  

f is a labiodental fricative, air being pushed through the upper teeth and lower lip: fún, féather, férry, fîght, forty, fífty, fílth, fíckle, fád, flóp, frét, físt, óff, óften (*offen), fát, fïrst, déaf, friénd. It is an unvoiced v: feŵ and vieŵ are a minimal pair.

  • The accents show stress and pronunciation (see English spellings): A: sát, mâde, pàrk, cāst (cást/càst), åll, ãir; E: ére, êar, vèin, fërn; I: sít, mîne, skì, bïrd; O: sóng, môde, lòve, wörd, ŏr; OO: moôn, foòt; U: sún, mûse, fùll, pürr; W: neŵ, ẁant; Y: gým, mŷ, keỳ, mÿrrh.

It is often doubled at the end of words, after a single vowel letter: óff, stúff, clíff, whíff, múff, though not always: íf, óf (*ov), déaf (two vowel letters). And also in the middle of words: ráffle, óffer, íffy, báffle, éffort, Clífford, múffle, stúffing, stúffed.

f begins consonant clusters: Áfghan, aflôat, frîght, shíft.

The f sound, however, is spelt ph in many words from Greek: epíphany, Dáphne, grāph, élephant (though Stêphen is pronounced the same as Stêven).

In some words the f sound is written gh: enoúgh, tróugh, cóugh.

In óf and Welsh words such as eistéddfod (-édhvod) and Aberfán, single f is pronounced as v.

Scientific uses

  • F: farad, the unit of electric capacitance
  • F: force
  • f: generic function